Article history: Received: 13-02-2017, Accepted: 24-07-2017, Published online: 14-08-2017
Corresponding author: Nagwa T. Elshraway
E-mail: email@example.comCitation: Elshraway NT, Mahmoud WG (2017) Prevalence of fascioliasis (liver flukes) infection in cattle and buffaloes slaughtered at the municipal abattoir of El-Kharga, Egypt, Veterinary World, 10(8): 914-917.
Aim: The main objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of fascioliasis infections in cattle and buffaloes, slaughtered in El-Kharga city slaughterhouse at New Valley Governorate.
Materials and Methods: The slaughtered animals were daily inspected for liver fascioliasis allover 2016. Macroscopic fascioliasis was detected from a total of 2251 basing on animals specie, sex, season, and Fasciola spp. in addition to microscopic examination of blood, fecal samples which collected from female cattle and buffalo (50 each).
Results: The total prevalence rate of Fasciola spp. infection occurs in the study area were about 695/2251 (30.88%) from the total cattle and bovine slaughtered carcasses. The incidence of fascioliasis was 4/12 (33.33%) and 678/2200 (30.82%) for females and males cattle carcasses, respectively, while the infection rate in buffalo carcasses was 1/4 (25.00%) and 12/35 (34.29%) for females and males buffalo carcasses, respectively.
Conclusion: The moderate fasciolosis infection in cattle and buffaloes slaughtered at the municipal abattoir of El-Kharga, Egypt. The highest fascioliasis infection was recorded during winter and autumn. It constitutes a major cause of economic losses at El-Kharga abattoir and threat public health.
Keywords: Fasciola gigantica, Fasciola hepatica, foodborne disease, liver fluke, slaughterhouse, snails, zoonosis.
1. Oladele-Bukola, M.O. and Odetokun, I.A. (2014) Prevalence of bovine fasciolosis at the Ibadan municipal Abattoir, Nigeria. Afr. J. Food Agric. Nutr. Dev., 14(4): 9055-9070.
2. Kalu, E., Akpabio, U. and Gloria, D.I. (2015) A case of chronic fascioliasis in cattle slaughtered at Ubakala Abattoir. J. Vet. Adv., 5(6): 1017-1022. [Crossref]
3. Haridy, F.M., Morsy, T.A., Gawish, N.I., Antonios, T.N. and Abdel, G.A. (2002) The potential reservoir role of donkeys and horses in zoonotic fascioliasis in Gharbia governorate, Egypt. J. Egypt. Soc. Parasitol., 32(2): 561-570. [PubMed]
6. Farag, H.F. (1998) Human fascioliasis in some countries of the Eastern mediterranean region. East Mediterr. Health J., 4(1): 156-160.
7. Walker, S.M., Makundi, A.E., Namuba, F.V., Kassuku, A.A., Keyyu, J., Hoey, E.M., Prodohl, P., Stothard, J.R. and Trudgett, A. (2008) The distribution of Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica within southern Tanzania-constraints associated with the intermediate host. Parasitology, 135(4): 495-503. [Crossref]
8. Bazh, E.K., Beder, N.A., Ayoub, M. and Sadek, K. (2012) Fasciola infection among cattle and buffaloes at Behera Governorate, Egypt. Zagazig Vet. J., 40: 125-136.
9. Mason, C. (2004) Fasciolosis associated with metabolic disease in a dairy herd, and its effects on health and productivity. Cattle Pract., 12: 7-13.
10. Phiri, I.K., Phiri, A.M. and Harrison, L.J. (2006) Serum antibody isotype responses of Fasciola-infected sheep and cattle to excretory and secretory products of Fasciola species. Vet. Parasitol., 141(3-4): 234-242. [Crossref] [PubMed]
11. Eman, K.A., Sherif, M.B. and Reda, S.F. (2016) Molecular characterization of Fasciola hepatica infecting cattle from Egypt based on mitochondrial and nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences. Res. J. Parasitol., 11: 61-66. [Crossref]
12. Biu, A.A., Ahmed, M.I. and Mshelia, S.S. (2006) Economic assessment of losses due to parasitic diseases common at the Maiduguri Abattoir, Nigeria. Afr. Sci., 7(3): 143-145.
13. Abraham, J.T. and Jude, I.B. (2014) Fascioliasis in cattle and goat slaughtered at calabar Abattoirs. J. Biol. Agric. Healthc., 4(18): 34-41.
14. Rokni, M., Mirhendi, H., Behnia, M., Harandi, M. and Jalalizand, N. (2010) Molecular characterization of Fasciola hepatica isolates by RAPD-PCR and ribosomal ITS1 sequencing. Iran. Red Crescent Med. J., 12: 27-32.
15. Soulsby, E.J. (1982) Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals. 7th ed. Bailliere, Tindal and Cassel Ltd., London. p1-300.
16. Urquhart, G.M., Duncan, J., Armour, L., Dunn, J. and Jennings, A.M. (1996) Veterinary Parasitology. 2nd ed. Blackwell Science, UK. p103-113.
17. Thrusfield, M. (2005) Veterinary Epidemiology. 3rd ed. University of Edinburgh, Blackwell Sciences Publishing, Oxford. p626.
18. Talukder, S., Bhuiyan, M.J., Hossain, M.M., Viddin, M.M., Paul, S. and Howlader, M.M. (2010) Pathological investigation of liver fluke infection of slaughtered black bengal goat in a selected area of Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Vet. Med., 8(1): 35-40.
19. Morsy, T.A., Salem, H.S., Haridy, F.M., Rifaat, M.M., Abo-Zenadah, N.Y. and Adel El-Kadi, M. (2005) Farm animals' fascioliasis in Ezbet El-Bakly (Tamyia center) Al-Fayoum governorate. J. Egypt. Soc. Parasitol., 35: 825-832. [PubMed]
20. Pfukenyi, D.M. and Mukaratirwa, S. (2004) A retrospective study of the prevalence and seasonal variation of Fasciola gigantica in cattle slaughtered in the major Abattoirs of Zimbabwe between 1990 and 1999. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res., 71: 181-187. [Crossref] [PubMed]
21. Mellau, L.S.B., Nonga, H.E. and Karimuribo, E.D. (2010) 'A slaughterhouse survey of liver lesions in slaughtered cattle, sheep and goats at Arusha, Tanzania. Res. J. Vet. Sci., 3: 179-188. [Crossref]
22. Haridy, F.M., El-Sherbiny, G.T. and Morsy, T.A. (2006) Some parasitic flukes infecting farm animals in Al-Santa center, Gharbia governorate, Egypt. J. Egypt. Soc. Parasitol., 36: 259-264. [PubMed]
23. Afrakhosravi, E.B. (2011) Epidemiology of Fasciola hepatica in Iran. Int. J. Biol., 4(4): 87.
24. Mungube, E., Bauni, S., Tenhagen, B.A., Wamae, L., Nginyi, J. and Mugambi, J. (2006) The prevalence and economic significance of Fasciola gigantica and Stilesia hepatica in slaughtered animals in the semi-arid coastal Kenya. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 38: 475-483. [Crossref]
25. Soliman, F.M. (2008) Epidemiological review of human and animal fascioliasis in Egypt. J. Infect. Dev. Ctries., 2(3): 182-189. [Crossref]
26. Adedokun, O.A., Ayinmode, A.B. and Fagbemi, B.O. (2008) Seasonal prevalence of Fasciola gigantica infection among the sexes in Nigerian cattle. Vet. Res., 2(1): 12-14.
27. Oryan, A., Maryam, M., Moazeni, M., Nikahval, B. and Barband, S. (2011) Liver distomatosis in cattle, sheep and goats of Northeastern Iran. Glob. Vet., 6(3): 241-246.
28. Mochankana, M.E. and Robertson, I.D. (2016) A retrospective study of the prevalence of bovine fasciolosis at major abattoirs in Botswana. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res., 83(1): a1015. [Crossref]
29. WHO. (2007) Report of the WHO Informal Meeting on use of Triclabendazole in Fascioliasis Control. WHO, Geneva, Switzerland.30. Spithill, T.W., Smooker, P.M. and Copeman, D.B. (1999) Fasciola gigantica: Epidemiology, control, immunology and molecular biology. In: Dalton JP, editor. Fasciolosis. CABI Publisher, Wallingford, Oxon, UK. p465-525.