Open Access
Research (Published online: 24-07-2017)
19. Baseline hematology and serum biochemistry results for Indian leopards (Panthera pardus fusca)
Arun Attur Shanmugam, Sanath Krishna Muliya, Ajay Deshmukh, Sujay Suresh, Anukul Nath, Pa Kalaignan, Manjunath Venkataravanappa and Lyju Jose
Veterinary World, 10(7): 818-824

Arun Attur Shanmugam: Department of Biotechnology, Jain University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India; Wildlife SOS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Sanath Krishna Muliya: Bannerghatta Biological Park, Bannerghatta, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Ajay Deshmukh: Manikdoh Leopard Rescue Center, Wildlife SOS, Khamgaon, Maharashtra, India.
Sujay Suresh: Bannerghatta Biological Park, Bannerghatta, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Anukul Nath: Department of Ecology & Environmental Science, E. P. Odum School of Environmental Sciences, Silchar, Assam, India.
Pa Kalaignan: Bannerghatta Biological Park, Bannerghatta, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Manjunath Venkataravanappa: Wild Animal Disease Diagnostic Lab, Bannerghatta Biological Park, Bannerghatta, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Lyju Jose: Department of Biotechnology, Jain University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2017.818-824

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Article history: Received: 09-02-2017, Accepted: 01-06-2017, Published online: 24-07-2017

Corresponding author: Sanath Krishna Muliya


Citation: Shanmugam AA, Muliya SK, Deshmukh A, Suresh S, Nath A, Kalaignan P, Venkatramappa M, Jose L (2017) Baseline hematology and serum biochemistry results for Indian leopards (Panthera pardus fusca), Veterinary World, 10(7): 818-824.

Aim: The aim of the study was to establish the baseline hematology and serum biochemistry values for Indian leopards (Panthera pardus fusca), and to assess the possible variations in these parameters based on age and gender.

Materials and Methods: Hemato-biochemical test reports from a total of 83 healthy leopards, carried out as part of routine health evaluation in Bannerghatta Biological Park and Manikdoh Leopard Rescue Center, were used to establish baseline hematology and serum biochemistry parameters for the subspecies. The hematological parameters considered for the analysis included hemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume, total erythrocyte count (TEC), total leukocyte count (TLC), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular Hb (MCH), and MCH concentration. The serum biochemistry parameters considered included total protein (TP), albumin, globulin, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, triglycerides, calcium, and phosphorus.

Results: Even though few differences were observed in hematologic and biochemistry values between male and female Indian leopards, the differences were statistically not significant. Effects of age, however, were evident in relation to many hematologic and biochemical parameters. Sub-adults had significantly greater values for Hb, TEC, and TLC compared to adults and geriatric group, whereas they had significantly lower MCV and MCH compared to adults and geriatric group. Among, serum biochemistry parameters the sub-adult age group was observed to have significantly lower values for TP and ALT than adult and geriatric leopards.

Conclusion: The study provides a comprehensive analysis of hematologic and biochemical parameters for Indian leopards. Baselines established here will permit better captive management of the subspecies, serve as a guide to assess the health and physiological status of the free ranging leopards, and may contribute valuable information for making effective management decisions during translocation or rehabilitation process.

Keywords: hematology, Indian leopard, Panthera pardus fusca, serum biochemistry.


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