Open Access
Research (Published online: 15-11-2017)
11. Determination of serum adenosine deaminase and xanthine oxidase activity in Kangal dogs with maternal cannibalism
N. Ercan, M. Kockaya, S. Kapancik and D. Bakir
Veterinary World, 10(11): 1343-1346

N. Ercan: Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey.
M. Kockaya: Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey.
S. Kapancik: Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey.
D. Bakir: Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey.

doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2017.1343-1346

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Article history: Received: 26-08-2017, Accepted: 24-10-2017, Published online: 15-11-2017

Corresponding author: N. Ercan


Citation: Ercan N, Kockaya M, Kapancik S, Bakir D (2017) Determination of serum adenosine deaminase and xanthine oxidase activity in Kangal dogs with maternal cannibalism, Veterinary World, 10(11): 1343-1346.

Aim: Kangal dogs, known as guard dogs in many countries of the world, have been found to eat their own puppies during their first 24 h following birth, which is called as maternal cannibalism. Adenosine deaminase (ADA) and xanthine oxidase (XO) are important enzymes for purine metabolism. In this study, the aim is to evaluate ADA and XO activities in Kangal dogs with maternal cannibalism.

Materials and Methods: The material of the study consists of the blood sera of Kangal dog breed with and without maternal cannibalism in the breeders around Sivas city and its districts. ADA and XO activities in blood serum of these animals were investigated by spectrophotometric method.

Results: ADA activities in Kangal dogs with maternal cannibalism were increased to the control group without maternal cannibalism (p<0.01).

Conclusion: Postnatal measurement of ADA activity in dogs may be useful in assessing maternal cannibalism.

Keywords: adeosine deaminase, Kangal dog, maternal cannibalism.


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