Article history: Received: 14-07-2017, Accepted: 23-10-2017, Published online: 24-11-2017
Corresponding author: A. Manimaran
E-mail: email@example.comCitation: Wankhade PR, Manimaran A, Kumaresan A, Jeyakumar S, Ramesha KP, Sejian V, Rajendran D, Varghese MR (2017) Metabolic and immunological changes in transition dairy cows: A review, Veterinary World, 10(11): 1367-1377.
Smooth transition from pregnancy to lactation is important for high productive and reproductive performance during later postpartum period in dairy animals. On the other hand, the poor transition often leads to huge economic loss to dairy farmers due to compromised production and reproduction. Therefore, understanding the causes and consequence of metabolic changes during the transition period is very important for postpartum health management. In this review, metabolic changes with reference to negative energy balance in transition cow and its effect on health and reproduction during the later postpartum period in dairy animals are discussed besides the role of metabolic inflammation in postpartum performance in dairy animals.
Keywords: acute phase proteins, dairy cows, inflammatory cytokines, negative energy balance, transition period.
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