Open Access
Research (Published online: 27-09-2017)
20. Prevalence of Corynosoma caspicum infection in Gasterosteus aculeatus fish in Caspian Sea, Northern Iran
Bahman Rahimi-Esboei, Mahdi Najm, Morad Shaker, Mahdi Fakhar and Iraj Mobedi
Veterinary World, 10(9): 1139-1142

Bahman Rahimi-Esboei: Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health and Health Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Mahdi Najm: Department of Parasitology, Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Morad Shaker: Department of Fisheries, Islamic Azad University, Babol Branch, Babol, Iran.
Mahdi Fakhar: Department of Parasitology, Molecular and Cell Biology Research Center, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
Iraj Mobedi: Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health and Health Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2017.1139-1142

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Article history: Received: 31-05-2017, Accepted: 05-09-2017, Published online: 27-09-2017

Corresponding author: Mahdi Fakhar


Citation: Rahimi-Esboei B, Najm M, Shaker M, Fakhar M, Mobedi I (2017) Prevalence of Corynosoma caspicum infection in Gasterosteus aculeatus fish in Caspian Sea, Northern Iran, Veterinary World, 10(9): 1139-1142.

Aim: There is little information about the prevalence of Corynosoma caspicum in fish particularly Gasterosteus aculeatus in Iran and the world. The aim of the present study was to find out the prevalence of acanthocephalan infection in Babolsar district, southern coastal of Caspian Sea, Northern Iran.

Materials and Methods: Between September 2012 and August 2014, a total of 360 G. aculeatus fishes were randomly collected by drift nets from coastal regions in Babolsar and then examined the intestine and body cavity for worm infections.

Results: A total of 360 G. aculeatus fishes, 109 (30.3%) were found infected with at least one Corynosoma capsicum, and there was no significant association between genders and the prevalence infection of acanthocephalan. Moreover, there was a significant difference in infected rate between summer (79%, 86/109) and spring (21%, 23/109) (p<0.05).

Conclusion: The high occurrence of Corynosoma infection in G. aculeatus indicates the enzootic constancy status of the infection in the southern coastal of Caspian Sea, Northern Iran.

Keywords: Acanthocephalosis, Caspian Sea, Corynosoma caspicum, Gasterosteus aculeatus.


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