Open Access
Research (Published online: 10-08-2018)
13. Prevalence and risk factors for Salmonella spp. contamination in broiler chicken farms and slaughterhouses in the northeast of Algeria
Samia Djeffal, Bakir Mamache, Rachid Elgroud, Sana Hireche and Omar Bouaziz
Veterinary World, 11(8): 1102-1108

Samia Djeffal: GSPA Research Laboratory (Management of Animal Health and Productions), Institute of Veterinary Sciences, University Freres Mentouri Constantine 1, Constantine, Algeria.
Bakir Mamache: Department of Veterinary Sciences, Institute of Veterinary and Agronomic Sciences, University Hadj Lakhdar, Batna, Algeria.
Rachid Elgroud: GSPA Research Laboratory (Management of Animal Health and Productions), Institute of Veterinary Sciences, University Freres Mentouri Constantine 1, Constantine, Algeria.
Sana Hireche: GSPA Research Laboratory (Management of Animal Health and Productions), Institute of Veterinary Sciences, University Freres Mentouri Constantine 1, Constantine, Algeria.
Omar Bouaziz: GSPA Research Laboratory (Management of Animal Health and Productions), Institute of Veterinary Sciences, University Freres Mentouri Constantine 1, Constantine, Algeria.

doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2018.1102-1108

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Article history: Received: 21-04-2018, Accepted: 29-06-2018, Published online: 10-08-2018

Corresponding author: Samia Djeffal


Citation: Djeffal S, Mamache B, Elgroud R, Hireche S, Bouaziz O (2018) Prevalence and risk factors for Salmonella spp. contamination in broiler chicken farms and slaughterhouses in the northeast of Algeria, Veterinary World, 11(8): 1102-1108.

Aim: The aim of this study was to provide information on the prevalence of Salmonella serotypes and to identify risk factors for Salmonella spp. contamination in broiler chicken farms and slaughterhouses in the northeast of Algeria.

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 32 poultry farms and five slaughterhouses in the province of Skikda (northeastern Algeria). A questionnaire was answered by the poultry farmers and slaughterhouses' managers. Biological samples (cloacal swabs, droppings, caeca, livers, and neck skins) and environmental ones (water, feed, surface wipes, rinsing water, and sticking knife swabbing) were taken to assess the Salmonella contamination status.

Results: Nearly 34.37% of the poultry farms and all the slaughterhouses were contaminated with Salmonella. The isolated Salmonella strains belonged to two major serotypes: Kentucky and Heidelberg followed by Enteritidis, Virginia, and Newport. There was an evident heterogeneous distribution of serotypes in poultry farms and slaughterhouses. Only one factor (earth floor) was significantly associated with Salmonella contamination in poultry houses (p<0.05).

Conclusion: A high prevalence rate of Salmonella contamination was found in poultry farms and slaughterhouses in Skikda region. These results showed the foremost hazardous role of poultry production in the spread and persistence of Salmonella contamination in the studied region.

Keywords: poultry, prevalence, risk factor, Salmonella, serotype, slaughterhouse.


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