Article history: Received: 24-03-2018, Accepted: 05-07-2018, Published online: 17-08-2018
Corresponding author: Ekene Vivienne Ezenduka
E-mail: email@example.comCitation: Okorie-kanu OJ, Ezenduka EV, Okorie-kanu CO, Anyaoha CO, Attah CA, Ejiofor TE, Onwumere-Idolor SO (2018) Slaughter of pregnant goats for meat at Nsukka slaughterhouse and its economic implications: A public health concern, Veterinary World, 11(8): 1139-1144.
Aim: This study was conducted to determine the incidence rate of the slaughter of pregnant goats in Nsukka slaughterhouse, which has become a major cruel occurrence in Nigeria, as well as it's economic and public health implications.
Materials and Methods: All the goats slaughtered at Nsukka slaughterhouse over a period of 3 months (February-April, 2017) were screened. The data collected were: total number of goats slaughtered, age, breed and sex of goats slaughtered, pregnancy status of the goats, and sex of the fetuses observed, and gestational age of the fetuses estimated by crown-rump length.
Results: In the 3-month study, a total of 684 goats were slaughtered, of which 617 (90.2%) were females. 364 (59%) of the females slaughtered were pregnant, and more than 80% of the gestations were in the second and third trimesters. Of 661 fetuses recorded, 320 (48.3%) were males, and 341 (51.7%) were females with 438 (66.3%) predominantly twins. At the cost of ₦ 6,000 ($16) and ₦ 8,000 ($20) for male and female kids, respectively, a total of ₦ 4,648,000 ($11,620) was lost in just one slaughterhouse in 3 months.
Conclusion: This study shows that there is a high rate of slaughter of pregnant goats in Nsukka slaughterhouse with a tremendous economic loss, and most chevon sold in Nsukka are unwholesome and of low meat quality.
Keywords: economic implications, fetuses, low meat quality, pregnant goats, public health, unwholesome.
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