Article history: Received: 08-03-2018, Accepted: 05-07-2018, Published online: 04-08-2018
Corresponding author: E. J. Awosanya
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgCitation: Awosanya EJ (2018) Post-epidemic awareness and knowledge of Lassa fever among residents in affected community in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria, Veterinary World, 11(8): 1059-1063.
Aim: An outbreak of Lassa fever occurred in Ibadan with a case fatality rate of 50% in 2012. Awareness creation and sensitization is a known disease prevention and control strategy. An assessment of the awareness level and knowledge of Lassa fever in the affected community and a nearby university community was done to aid the development of effective information, education, and communication (IEC) material adaptable to the affected community.
Materials and Methods: A semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain the data about awareness and knowledge of Lassa fever from 130 respondents. Descriptive statistics and statistical differences between categorical variables were done using Fisher's exact test at 5% significant level.
Results: Respondents' age was 29.9 ± 10.9 years. Awareness level in the affected and university communities was 42 (65%) and 55 (85%), respectively (p=0.02). The most reported source of awareness was the television and radio (59.8%). Only 33.1% of all respondents had good knowledge of the clinical symptoms. Most (68.5%) of the respondents knew rat as the reservoir: However, 56.9% and 80.0% of respondents from the affected and university communities, respectively, had this knowledge (p=0.01). About one-third (30.0%) of the respondents had good knowledge of preventive measures: 18.5% and 41.5% from affected and university communities, respectively (p=0.01).
Conclusion: Knowledge of respondents on Lassa fever symptoms, reservoir, and preventive measures was low in the affected community; the IEC material was developed to address the knowledge gaps. Awareness was also intensified in the affected community.
Keywords: IEC materials, knowledge, Lassa fever, outbreaks.
1. World Health Organization. (2017a) Lassa Fever. Available: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs179/en/. Accessed on 02-08-2017.
2. Fisher-Hoch, S.P., Tomori, O., Nasidi, A., Perez-Oronoz, G.I., Fakile, Y., Hutwagner, L. and McCormick, J.B. (1995) Review of cases of nosocomial Lassa fever in Nigeria: The high price of poor medical practice. BMJ, ?311: 857-859. [Crossref]
4. World Health Organization. (2017b) Epidemic Focus. Available: http://www.who.int/csr/disease/epidemic-focus/lassa-fever/en/. [Last accessed on 02-08-2017.
5. Frame, J.D., Baldwin, J.M. Jr., Gocke, D.J. and Troup, J.M. (1970) Lassa fever, a new virus disease of man from West Africa. I. Clinical description and pathological findings. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 19: 670-676. [Crossref] [PubMed]
6. Federal Ministry of Health. (2016) Morbidity and mortality due to Lassa fever virus in Nigeria. FMOH/NCDC, Surveillance. Available from: http://www.health.gov.ng/index.php/resources/reports/weekly-epidemiology-reports. Accessed on 27-01-2016.
7. Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response/World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010) Technical Guidelines for Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response in the African Region, Brazzaville, Republic of Congo and Atlanta, USA. p1-398.
8. National Population Census (NPC) Nigeria. (2006) Population Distribution by Sex, State, LGAs and Senatorial Districts: 2006 Census Priority Tables. Vol. 3. Available from: http://www.population.gov.ng/index.php/oyo-state. Accessed on 12-05-2016.
9. District Health Information System. (2016) Oyo State Health Management Information System Data, 2016. Available from: https://www.dhis2nigeria.org.ng. Accessed on 03-07-2017.
10. Oyo State Government. (2016) Our History. Available from: http/www.oyostate.gov.ng/about-oyo-state/our-history/. Accessed on 15-07-2016.
11. Thrusfield, M. (2007) What sample size should be selected? In: Veterinary Epidemiology. 3rd ed. UK Blackwell Publishing Limited., Ames, IA. p232-238.
12. Asogun, D.A., Adomeh, D.I., Ehimuan, J., Odia, I., Hass, M., Gabriel, M., Olschlager, S., Becker-Ziaja, B., Folarin, O., Phelan, E. and Ehiane, P.E. (2012) Molecular diagnostics for Lassa fever at Irrua specialist teaching hospital, Nigeria: Lessons learnt from two years of laboratory operation. PLoS Negl. Trop. Dis., 6: e1839. [Crossref]
13. Ilesanmi, O.S., Omotoso, B., Alele, F.O. and Adewuyi, P. (2015) Awareness of Lassa fever in a Rural Community in South West Nigeria. J. Comm. Hum. Rights, 4: 1-10.
14. Olalekan, A.W. (2015) Community awareness and perception towards rodent control: Implications for prevention and control of Lassa fever in urban slums of southwestern Nigeria. MJHS, 2: 26-32.
15. Oladeinde, B.H., Omoregie, R. and Odia, I. (2015) Public awareness of Lassa fever in three rural communities of Nigeria. Int. J. Health Promot. Educ., 53: 128-135. [Crossref]
16. Reuben, C.R. and Gyar, S.D. (2016) Knowledge, attitudes and practices of Lassa fever in and around Lafia, Central Nigeria. Int. J. Public Health Epidemiol. Res., 2: 14-19.
17. Awosanya, E.J. and Akande, H.O. (2015) Animal health care seeking behavior of pets or livestock owners and knowledge and awareness on zoonoses in a university community. Vet. World, 8: 841-847. [Crossref]
18. Awosanya, E.J. and Adebimpe, A.P. (2013) Factors associated with rabies awareness and attitude to dog bite in a University community. Bull. Anim. Health Prod. Afr., 61: 559-70.
19. Laverack, G. and Huy, D.D. (2003) Transforming information, education and communication in Vietnam. Health Educ., 103: 363-369. [Crossref]
20. Akinbodewa, A.A., Adejumo, O.A., Alli, E.O., Olarewaju, C.A., Akinbodewa, G.O., Adejumo, O.A., Osho, P.O., Akinfiresoye, A.O. and Balogun, F.O. (2016) Knowledge of Lassa fever among students of a college of education: Call for inclusion in curriculum. Br. J. Med. Med. Res., 16: 1-8.
21. Hadi, C.M., Goba, A., Khan, S.H., Bangura, J., Sankoh, M., Koroma, S., Juana, B., Bah, A., Coulibaly, M. and Bausch, D.G. (2010) Ribavirin for Lassa fever post-exposure prophylaxis. Emerg. Infect. Dis., 16: 2009. [Crossref] [PubMed] [PMC]
22. Huang, F.L. and Moon, T.R. (2009) Is experience the best teacher? A multilevel analysis of teacher characteristics and student achievement in low performing schools. Educ. Assess. Eval. Acc., 21: 209-234. [Crossref]23. Uzochukwu, B.S. and Onwujekwe, O.E. (2004) Socio-economic differences and health-seeking behaviour for the diagnosis and treatment of malaria: A case study of four local government areas operating the Bamako initiative programme in south-east Nigeria. Int. J. Equity Health, 3: 6. [Crossref] [PubMed] [PMC]