Open Access
Research (Published online: 13-02-2018)
14. The effect of moderate exercise on the elevation of Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in oral squamous epithelial cells induced by benzopyrene
Anis Irmawati, Nadira Jasmin and Sidarningsih
Veterinary World, 11(2): 177-180

Anis Irmawati: Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
Nadira Jasmin: Undergraduate student of Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
Sidarningsih: Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.

doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2018.177-180

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Article history: Received: 11-10-2017, Accepted: 08-01-2018, Published online: 13-02-2018

Corresponding author: Anis Irmawati


Citation: Irmawati A, Jasmin N, Sidarningsih (2018) The effect of moderate exercise on the elevation of Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in oral squamous epithelial cells induced by benzopyrene, Veterinary World, 11(2): 177-180.

Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of moderate exercise on the elevation of Bax/Bcl-2 ratio.

Materials and Methods: Eighteen Mus musculus strain Swiss Webster (Balb/c) were divided into three groups (n=6). K1 and K2 had contact with water 3 times/week for 12 weeks, while the members of the K3 group swam 3 times/week for 12 weeks while carrying load weighed 3% of their body weight. After 5 weeks, they were induced with 0.04 ml oleum olivarum (K1), 0.08 mg benzopyrene/0.04 ml oleum olivarum (K2, K3) 3 times/week for 4 weeks. Immunohistochemistry assays were used to determine the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 expression. The results were analyzed using an independent t-test.

Results: The Bax/Bcl-2 ratio increased significantly in K3 compared to K2 (p=0.00).

Conclusion: Moderate exercise could increase the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in oral squamous epithelial cells induced by benzopyrene.

Keywords: Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, benzopyrene, moderate exercise, oral squamous carcinoma.


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