Article history: Received: 05-09-2017, Accepted: 22-01-2018, Published online: 23-02-2018
Corresponding author: Galimzhan Kalihanovich Duskaev
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgCitation: Duskaev GK, Kazachkova NM, Ushakov AS, Nurzhanov BS, Rysaev AF (2018) The effect of purified Quercus cortex extract on biochemical parameters of organism and productivity of healthy broiler chickens, Veterinary World, 11(2): 235-239.
Aim: Modern methods of producing poultry meat without the use of antibiotics are known, and it is possible to achieve the desired conditions, including the use of herbal preparations. In addition, it is known that metabolites of medicinal plants are inhibitors of the quorum sensing system in bacteria. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of Quercus cortex extract in a reduced dose on the productivity and body state of healthy chicken broilers.
Materials and Methods: For the experiment, 120 heads of 7-day-old healthy broiler chickens were selected, and they were divided into four groups (n=30, 3 replicates of 10 birds in each group) by the analog method. The composition of diets of the experimental Groups I and II additionally included Q. cortex extract and Groups II and III included an enzyme preparation containing glucoamylase and concomitant cellulolytic enzymes. The following methods of study were used; gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, mass spectrometry and atomic emission spectrometry, and hematological analysis.
Results: It was established that the increase in live weight of broiler chickens in experimental groups exceeded the analogous indicator in the control group by 3.1-16.6%, and feed intake within the entire experimental period increased by 2.6-15.4%, against a background of decreasing feed consumption for a weight gain of 1 kg of live weight (by 3.7-9.2%). There was an increase in iron concentration in blood of broiler chickens in Groups I and II (7.8-11.8%), in liver (23.7-92.4%, p≤0.05), and in spleen (53.9-77.7%, p≤0.05) against the background of a decrease in muscle tissue. A decreased content of monocytes and granulocytes was found, especially in experimental Group I.
Conclusion: In the experiment, it was shown for the first time that the inclusion of Q. cortex extract in an enzyme-containing diet (anti-quarantine substances) was found to increase the productivity of poultry.
Keywords: blood, broilers, growth, iron, Quercus cortex.
1. Diarra, M.S., Silversides, F.G., Diarrassouba, F., Pritchard, J., Masson, L., Brousseau, R., Bonnet, C., Delaquis, P., Bach, S., Skura, B. and Topp, E. (2007) Impact of feed supplementation with antimicrobial agents on growth performance of broiler chickens, Clostridium perfringens and Enterococcus counts, and antibiotic resistance phenotypes and distribution of antimicrobial resistance determinants in Escherichia coli. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 73: 6566-6576. [Crossref]
2. Horn, N.L., Ruch, F., Miller, G., Ajuwon, K.M. and Adeola, O. (2016) Determination of the adequate dose of garlic diallyl disulfide and diallyl trisulfide for effecting changes in growth performance, total-tract nutrient and energy digestibility, ileal characteristics, and serum immune parameters in broiler chickens. Poultry Sci., 95: 2360-2365. [Crossref]
3. Redondo, L.M., Redondo, E.A., Delgado, F., La Sala, L., Pereyra, A., Garbaccio S., Fernandez, M.M. (2013) Control of Clostridium perfringens necrotic enteritis by tannins added to the diet. In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on the Molecular Biology and Pathogenesis of the Clostridia (Clost Path 8). Vol. 5. Palm Cove, Australia.
4. Tosi, G., Massi, P., Antongiovanni, M., Buccioni, A., Minieri, S., Marenchino, L. and Mele, M. (2013) Efficacy test of a hydrolysable tannin extract against necrotic enteritis in challenged broiler chickens. Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 12: 123-132. [Crossref]
5. Vondruskova, H., Slamova, R., Trckova, M., Zraly, Z. and Pavlik, I. (2010) Alternatives to antibiotic growth promoters in prevention of diarrhoea in weaned piglets: A review. Vet. Med., 55: 199-224. [Crossref]
6. Hashemi, S.R. and Davoodi, H. (2010) Phytogenies as new class of feed additive in poultry industry. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 9: 2295-2304.
7. Trufanov, O. (2016) Phytobiotics in broiler rations. Livest Breeding Rus., 10: 5-7.
9. Deryabin, D.G. and Tolmacheva, A.A. (2014) Medicinal plants are sources of inhibitors of the Quorum sensing system in bacteria. J. Problems Biol. Med. Pharmac. Chem., 12: 4-13.
10. Deryabin, D.G. and Tolmacheva, A.A. (2015) Antibacterial and anti-quorum sensing molecular composition derived from Quercus cortex (oak bark) extract. Molecules, 20: 17093-17108. [Crossref] [PubMed]
11. Bedford, M.R. and Cowieson, A.J. (2012) Exogenous enzymes and their effects on intestinal microbiology. Anim. Feed. Sci. Technol., 173: 76-85. [Crossref]
12. Apajalahti, J., Kettunen, A. and Graham, H. (2004) Characteristics of the gastrointestinal microbial communities with special reference to chickens. World Poult. Sci. J., 52: 223-232. [Crossref]
13. Fisinin, V.I., Egorov, I.A., Lenkova, T.N., Okolelova, T.M., Ignatova, G.V., Shevyakov, A.N., Panin I. G., Grechishnikov, V. V., Vetrov P. A., Afanasiev V. A., Ponomarenko Yu. A. (2009) Methodical Instructions on Optimization of Recipes for Mixed Fodders for Agricultural Poultry. Guidelines for the Optimization of Animal Feed Recipes for Poultry. VNITIP, Moscow. p80.
16. Simoes, M., Bennett, R.N. and Rosa, E.A.S. (2009) Understanding antimicrobial activities of phytochemicals against multidrug resistant bacteria and biofilms. Nat. Prod. Rep., 26: 746-757. [Crossref] [PubMed]
17. Redondo, L.M., Chacana, P.A., Dominguez, J.E. and Fernandez, M.M.E. (2014) Perspectives in the use of tannins as alternative to antimicrobial growth promoter factors in poultry. Front. Microbiol., 5: 118. [Crossref] [PubMed] [PMC]
18. Maznev, N. (2004) Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants. Publishing House of Martin, Moscow. p32-33.
19. Yang, C., Chowdhury, M.A.K., Huo, Y. and Gong, J. (2015) Phytogenic compounds as alternatives to in-feed antibiotics: Potentials and challenges in application. Pathogens, 4: 137-156. [Crossref] [PubMed] [PMC]
20. Schiavone, A., Guo, K., Tassone, S., Gasco, L., Hernandez, E., Denti, R. and Zaccarati, I. (2008) Effects of a natural extract of chestnut wood on digestibility performance traits and nitrogen balance of broiler chicks. Poultry Sci., 87: 521-527. [Crossref] [PubMed]
22. Blaiotta, G., La Gatta, B., Di Capua, M., Di Luccia, A., Coppola, R. and Aponte, M. (2013) Effect of chestnut extract and chestnut fiber on viability of potential probiotic Lactobacillus strains under gastrointestinal tract conditions. Food Microbiol., 36: 161-169. [Crossref] [PubMed]
23. Kamboh, A.A. and Zhu, W.Y. (2014) Individual and combined effects of genistein and hesperidin on immunity and intestinal morphometry in lipopolysacharide-challenged broiler chickens. Poultry Sci., 93: 2175-2183. [Crossref] [PubMed]
24. Mansoori, B., Rogiewicz, A. and Slominski, B.A. (2015) The effect of canola meal tannins on the intestinal absorption capacity of broilers using a D-xylose test. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr., 99: 1084-1093. [Crossref] [PubMed]
25. Liu, D., Guo, S. and Guo, Y. (2012) Xylanase supplementation to a wheat-based diet alleviated the intestinal mucosal barrier impairment of broiler chickens challenged by Clostridium perfringens. Avian Pathol., 41: 291-298. [Crossref] [PubMed]
27. Starcevic, K., Krstulovic, L., Brozic, D., Mauric, M., Stojevic, Z., Mikulec, Z., Bajic, M. and Masek, T. (2014) Production performance meat composition and oxidative susceptibility in broiler chicken fed with different phenolic compounds. J. Sci. Food Agric., 95: 1172-1178. [Crossref] [PubMed]
28. Hee, D.B., McAllister, T.A., Yanke, J., Cheng, K.J. and Muir, A.D. (1993) Effects of condensed tannins on endoglucanase activity and filter paper digestion by Fibrobacter succinogenes S85. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 59: 2132-2138.
29. Mila, I., Scalbert, A. and Expert, D. (1996) Iron withholding by plant polyphenols and resistance to pathogens and rots. Phytochemistry, 42: 1551-1555. [Crossref]
30. Chung, K.T., Lu, Z. and Chou, M.W. (1998) Mechanism of inhibition of tannic acid and related compounds on the growth of intestinal bacteria. Food Chem. Toxicol., 36: 1053-1060. [Crossref]31. Allen, H.K., Levine, U.Y., Looft, T., Bandrick, M. and Casey, T.A. (2013) Treatment, promotion, commotion: Antibiotic alternatives in food-producing animals. Trends Microbiol., 21: 114-119. [Crossref] [PubMed]