Open Access
Research (Published online: 23-01-2018)
11. Zoonotic intestinal parasites of carnivores: A systematic review in Iran
Shahabeddin Sarvi, Ahmad Daryani, Mehdi Sharif, Mohammad Taghi Rahimi, Mohammad Hasan Kohansal, Siavash Mirshafiee, Abolghasem Siyadatpanah, Seyed-Abdollah Hosseini and Shirzad Gholami
Veterinary World, 11(1): 58-65

Shahabeddin Sarvi: Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Toxoplasmosis Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
Ahmad Daryani: Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Toxoplasmosis Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
Mehdi Sharif: Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Toxoplasmosis Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
Mohammad Taghi Rahimi: Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.
Mohammad Hasan Kohansal: Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
Siavash Mirshafiee: Department of Husbandry, Qaemshahr branch of Islamic Azad University, Mazandaran, Iran.
Abolghasem Siyadatpanah: Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
Seyed-Abdollah Hosseini: Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
Shirzad Gholami: Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Toxoplasmosis Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2018.58-65

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Article history: Received: 06-09-2017, Accepted: 15-12-2017, Published online: 23-01-2018

Corresponding author: Shirzad Gholami


Citation: Sarvi S, Daryani A, Sharif M, Rahimi MT, Kohansal MH, Mirshafiee S, Siyadatpanah A, Hosseini S, Gholami S (2018) Zoonotic intestinal parasites of carnivores: A systematic review in Iran, Veterinary World, 11(1): 58-65.

Aim: Parasitic infections, especially of the zoonotic-parasitic type, are the most important health, economic, and social problems in developing countries, including Iran. The aim of this study was to review systematically the available data on gastrointestinal parasites of carnivores in Iran and their ability to infect humans.

Materials and Methods: Studies reporting intestinal parasites of carnivores were systematically collected from nine electronic English and Persian databases and Proceedings of Iranian parasitology and veterinary congresses published between 1997 and 2015. A total of 26 studies issued from 1997 to 2015 met the eligibility criteria.

Results: The pooled proportion of intestinal parasites of carnivores was estimated as 80.4% (95% confidence interval=70.2-88.8%). The overall prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in dogs, cats, foxes, and jackals were 57.89%, 90.62%, 89.17%, and 97.32%, respectively. Dipylidium caninum (20.45%), Toxocara spp. (18.81%), Taenia hydatigena (15.28%), Mesocestoides lineatus (11.83%), Echinococcus granulosus (10%), and Toxascaris leonina (8.69%) were the most frequently observed parasites.

Conclusion: High prevalence rates of zoonotic intestinal parasites of carnivores particularly Echinococcus spp. and Toxocara spp. increase the risk of acquiring zoonotic infections such as cystic hydatid, alveolar cysts, and visceral or ocular larva migrants in Iranian people. Therefore, it is essential for public health centers to develop more effective control strategies to decrease infections rates in carnivores' populations.

Keywords: carnivores, intestinal parasites, zoonotic disease.


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