Article history: Received: 04-10-2017, Accepted: 16-12-2017, Published online: 26-01-2018
Corresponding author: Abhishek Hota
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgCitation: Hota A, Biswal S, Sahoo N, Venkatesan G, Arya S, Kumar A, Ramakrishnan MA, Pandey AB, Rout M (2018) Seroprevalence of Capripoxvirus infection in sheep and goats among different agro-climatic zones of Odisha, India, Veterinary World, 11(1): 66-70.
Aim: The study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of antibodies to Capripoxviruses among small ruminants of Odisha, India.
Materials and Methods: A total of 500 random serum samples collected from 214 sheep and 286 goats across 10 agro-climatic zones of Odisha, were screened using whole virus antigen-based indirect ELISA for antibodies against Capripoxviruses. Results were analyzed by suitable statistical methods.
Results: Screening of 500 serum samples showed seropositivity of 8.88% and 31.47% in sheep and goats, respectively, for Capripoxviruses. The prevalence rate according to agro-climatic zone ranged from 0% (North Eastern coastal plain zone) to 48.57% (North central plateau zone) for goat pox, and 0% (Western undulating zone and North central plateau) to 22.22% (South Eastern ghat zone) for sheep pox. The difference in prevalence rates among the various agro-climatic zones was statistically significant (p<0.05) for goats, but not for sheep. Antibody prevalence rates among various districts were recorded to be the highest in Jagatsinghpur (30%) for sheep pox and Dhenkanal (80%) for goat pox.
Conclusion: The study revealed serological evidence of Capripoxvirus infection in sheep and goat populations in the study area, in the absence of vaccination. Systematic investigation, monitoring, and reporting of outbreaks are necessary to devise control strategies.
Keywords: capripox, goat pox, indirect ELISA, Odisha, seroprevalence, sheep pox.
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