Article history: Received: 18-02-2018, Accepted: 07-05-2018, Published online: 09-06-2018
Corresponding author: Khaleel I. Jawasreh
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgCitation: Jawasreh KI, Ababneh MM, Ismail ZB, Younes AMB, Al Sukhni I (2018) Genetic diversity and population structure of local and exotic sheep breeds in Jordan using microsatellites markers, Veterinary World, 11(6): 778-781.
Aim: This study was conducted to study the genetic and population structure of local (Awassi) and exotic (Romanov, Charollais, Assaf, and Suffolk) sheep breeds in Jordan using eight microsatellite markers.
Materials and Methods: A total of 125 sheep were used (25 from each breed) in the study. The number of alleles (A), the mean values of observed (Ho) and expected (He) heterozygosity, polymorphism information content (PIC), fixation index as a measure of heterozygote deficiency or excess, and Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) were analyzed using PopGen and CERVUS softwares. Nei's standard genetic distances among breeds and dendrogram of unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA) were calculated and constructed using PopGen software.
Results: A total of 40 alleles were detected with an average number of alleles of 5. The mean Ho value was higher than the mean He value for all breeds. Awassi breed showed the highest average PIC value while Romanov had the lowest. There was a significant (p<0.05) deviation from HWE at each locus within and between breeds. Deviations from HWE were found to be highly significant for all markers except OARFCP304 locus. The genetic distance estimates revealed a close relationship between Romanov and Charollais and between Awassi and Charollais. In the UPGMA dendrogram, Charollais, Romanov, and Awassi breeds were placed together in one main cluster while Assaf was in a different subcluster. Awassi was placed alone in a second main cluster.
Conclusion: Results of this study offer insight toward the genetic conservation of the studied breeds and a base on which breeding plans can be made.
Keywords: genetic diversity, Jordan, microsatellites, sheep breeds.
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