Open Access
Research (Published online: 26-11-2018)
16. Effects of Artemisia herba-alba or olive leaf (Olea europaea) powder supplementation on growth performance, carcass yield, and blood biochemical parameters in broilers
Asma Ait-Kaki, Mamadou Tandiang Diaw, Fikremariam Geda and Nassim Moula
Veterinary World, 11(11): 1624-1629

Asma Ait-Kaki: Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, M'Hamed Bougara University of Boumerdes, 3500 Boumerdes, Algeria.
Mamadou Tandiang Diaw: Department of Animal Production, ENSA, Thies University, BP A296 Thies, Senegal.
Fikremariam Geda: Department of Animal Production, Fundamental and Applied Research for Animal and Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Liege University, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.
Nassim Moula: Department of Animal Production, Fundamental and Applied Research for Animal and Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Liege University, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.

doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2018.1624-1629

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Article history: Received: 13-07-2018, Accepted: 11-10-2018, Published online: 26-11-2018

Corresponding author: Nassim Moula


Citation: Ait-Kaki A, Diaw MT, Geda F, Moula N (2018) Effects of Artemisia herba-alba or olive leaf (Olea europaea) powder supplementation on growth performance, carcass yield, and blood biochemical parameters in broilers, Veterinary World, 11(11): 1624-1629.

Aim: This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of Artemisia herba-alba (white wormwood) or olive leaf (Olea europaea) powder supplementation on growth performance, carcass yield, and serum biochemical parameters in broilers.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted from April to May 2017 in Chemini region, Northern Algeria. A total of 60 1-day-old Ross 308 male chicks were divided into three groups consisted of 10 chicks, in each of two replications. The chicks in Group 1 were fed with a standard commercial diet (SCD); Group 2 received the same SCD with 2% supplementation of A. herba-alba powder; and Group 3 received the same SCD with 2% supplementation of O. europaea powder. Growth performance was measured with body weights every 2 weeks, daily feed intake, feed conversion ratio (FCR), and carcass yield at the end of 42 days of rearing. Blood samples were collected to analyze serum glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, urea, and total protein levels.

Results: Results showed that, at 42 days of rearing, supplementation of O. europaea and A. herba-alba significantly increased (p<0.001) mean body weight (2230.10±26.38 g and 2117.42±26.38 g, respectively, vs. 2336.66±27.88 g in chicks of Group 1), but there was no significant difference (p≥0.05) among the three diets for FCR or percentage carcass yield. Among the serum biochemical parameters, glucose was significantly affected (p<0.01) by supplementation of olive leaf powder (1.90 g/L: Group 3), compared to the SCD (2.24 g/L: Group 1) or Artemisia powder (2.05 g/L: Group 2). Moreover, the supplementation of olive leaf powder in Group 3 broilers significantly affected (p<0.05) the serum cholesterol level (0.95 g/L), compared to the control diet (1.13 g/L). There was no significant difference (p≥0.05) for the other selected serum biochemical concentrations, namely triglycerides, urea, and total protein.

Conclusion: The supplementation of Artemisia or olive leaf powder into the diet for broilers improved body weight by about 5% or 10%, respectively, at slaughter with moderate changes in blood biochemical parameters.

Keywords: Artemisia herba-alba, broiler, growth, Olea europaea, serum parameters.


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