Veterinary World


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12.    Protozoan diseases of livestock in Arunachal Pradesh - An overview - Tilling Tayo, Neeta Longjam, Bangkeng Perme
Vet World. 2011; 4(7): 332-336

doi: 10.5455/vetworld.2011.332-336

The people (Tribes) of Arunachal Pradesh have the natural tendency to remain close contact with animals since immortal. The domestic animals are kept in basement of the house with human occupants in the first floor of same house. They remain in close contact with cattle, sheep, goat, pigs, poultry, cats and dogs throughout the year, exposing them to many animal born diseases of occupational risk. People are not aware of zoonotic diseases sharing between domesticated animal and human beings except for Rabies. So, there is regular out break of most common protozoan zoonotic diseases in human Giardiosis caused by Giardia spp. and amoebosis caused by Entamoeba spp. in the state. Another important disease of clinical significance is toxoplasmosis. Toxoplasma usually causes a febrile illness and abortions in pregnant women. The source of infection in humans may be due to close proximity with cats and unhygienic sanitation. Similarly high incidences of sarcocystis were reported form many district of Arunachal Pradesh. Source of transmission were adjudge to be eating of smoked pork and other meat product along with natural habit of eating raw vegetable as salad from contaminated areas could be the probable mode of transmission.

Keywords: Protozoa, Zoonoses, Transmission, Human, Animal, Occupational risk,