Veterinary World


ISSN (Online): 2231-0916


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Review Article

10. One health, one medicine, one world: Co-joint of animal and human medicine with perspectives, A review - C Mersha and F Tewodros 
Vet World. 2012; 5(4): 238-243

Human and veterinary medicine have many commonalities. The split into distinct disciplines occurred at different times in different places. In Europe, the establishment of the first veterinary university toward the end of 18th century was triggered by ravaging renderpest epidemics and the increasing importance of live stock for draft, food, supply and war fare. Given this background, would it make sense to combine human, animal, traditional, and modern medicine in health care provisions especially in less developed countries? Such a one health one medicine approach would enhance biomedical progress, improve the outreach medical and veterinary serves especially in remote areas, after great choices to patients and make health care more culturally appropriate on the hand, it would require generality rather than specialists. Because rare diseases may go unrecognized. The commonalities of human and veterinary medicine and the financial constraints many governments are presently facing are arguments in favor of a one health one medicine approach, while status thinking, education system, administrative structures and legislation hinder its implementations. Gradually, change in education and training, the creation of institutional linkages, and the removal of legal barriers could help overcome obstacles. Keywords: Human Medicine, Veterinary Medicine, One Health, One Medicine, One World.