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Original Research

4. Prevalence of porcine cysticercosis in Nagaon, Morigaon and Karbianglong district of Assam, India -

S Borkataki, S Islam, M R Borkakati, P Goswami and D K Deka
Vet World. 2012; 5(2): 86-90

Prevalence of Porcine Cysticercosis in three districts of Assam was studied for a period of one year from March 2002 to February 2003. Except certain geographical region of Assam, many districts of this state have yet remained unexplored for this important zoonotic disease, let along the following three districts i.e. Nagaon, Morigaon and KarbiAnglong. Monthly visit to the market places were made in different localities of the three districts. Prevalence of cysticercosis according to age, sex, breed of carcasses and seasonal occurrence were studied. The whole period of observation was divided in to four seasons as per Indian Meteorological Department as pre-monsoon, monsoon, post- monsoon and winter. A total of 978 pigs were examined, out of which 93 pigs (9.50%) were found to be positive for infection. District wise highest (13.70%) prevalence was found in KarbiAnglong and lowest (7.55%) in Nagaon district. Age wise prevalence study showed highest (11.41%) in the age group of 7-12 months and lowest (7.60%) in the age group 19-24 months. Prevalence of C. cellulosae infection in male and female was 9.15 and 10. 39 percent respectively. Breed wise prevalence was found more in cross bred (12.53%) than in local breed (7.49%).Overall seasonal prevalence was highest during pre-monsoon (10.93%) and lowest (7.82%) during monsoon season. Though there were variation in the rate of prevalence of porcine cysticercosis based on age, sex, breed and seasons. The disease was found to exist in the study area throughout the year that ranged from 5.71 to 14.06 percent.

Keywords: Zoonosis, Cysticercosis, Porcine