Veterinary World


ISSN (Online): 2231-0916


 Editorial board

 Instructions for authors

 Reviewer guideline

 Open access policy




Open Access

Copyright: The authors. This article is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

Research (Published online: 19-01-2014)

6. Association between the seminal vesicle weight and certain steroids in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) -

S. Shinde, S. Mahmood, G. Singh and M. R. Verma
Veterinary World, 7(1): 21-25


doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2014.21-25


1. Noakes, D.E., Parkinson, T.J. and England, G.C.W. (2009) Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics, 9th Ed., Saunders Elsevier, London: Pp 695.
2. Rahman, M. S., Islam, M. S., Rahman, M. T., Parvez, N. H. and Rhaman, M. M. (2010) Morphometric Analysis Of Vesicular Glands Of Indigenous Bull. Int. J. Sustain. Crop Prod. 5:11-14.
3. Samuels, L.T. and Harding, B. W. (1962) Aldose Reductase and Ketose Reductase in Male Accessory Organs of Reproduction. Biochem. J. 84:39-45.
4. Asimakopoulos, B. (2012) Hypothalamus-Pituitary- Gonadal Axis: It is Time for Revision. Human Genet. Embryol. 2(1): 1-3.
5. Purvis, K., Cusan, L. and Hansson, V. (1981) Regulation of steroidogenesis and steroid action in Leydig cells. J. Steroid Biochem. 15: 77-86.
6. Trainor, B. C., Kyomen, H. H. and Marler, C. A. (2006) Estrogenic encounters: how interactions between aromatase and the environment modulate aggression. Front Neuroendocrinol. 27:170–179.
7. Marzec-wrˇblewska, U., Kaminski, p. Lakota, P. (2012) Influence of chemical elements on mammalian spermatozoa. In Folia Biologica. 58: 7-15.
8. Conley, A. and Hinshelwood, M. (2001) Mammalian aromatases. Reproduction.121: 685–695.
9. Iwabuchi, J., Wako, S., Tanaka, T., Ishikawa, A., Yoshida, Y. and Miyata, S. (2007) Analysis of the p450 aromatase gene expression in the Xenopus brain and gonad. J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. 107:149–155.
10. Hay, M. F., Linder, H. R. and Mann, T. (1961) Morphology of bull testes and seminal vesicle in relation to testicular androgen. Proc. Roy. Soc.Bul. 154:433.
11. Hess, R. A., Bunick, D. and Bahr, J. M. (1995) Sperm, a source of estrogen. Environ. Health Perspect. 103: 59–62.
12. Carreau, S., Lambard, S., Delalande, C., Denis, Galeraud, I., Bilinska, B. and Bourguiba, S. (2003) Aromatase expression and role of estrogens in male gonad: a review. Reprod. Biol. Endocrinol. 1:35.
13. Carreau, S., Wolczynski, S. & Galeraud-Denis, I. (2010) Aromatase, oestrogens and human male reproduction. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. 365, 1571–1579.
14. Albrecht, E. D., Lane, M. V., Marshall, G. R., Merchenthaler, I., Simorangkir, D. R., Pohl, C. R., Plant, T.M. and Pepe, G. J. (2009) Estrogen promotes germ cell and seminiferous tubule development in the baboon fetal testis. Biol. Reprod. 81 (2): 406-414.
15. Al-Fartosi, K. and Humaidan, N. H. (2012) Serum estradiol and progesterone in immature male and female water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) in Marshes of Iraq. Bas.J.Vet.Res. 11:116- 121.
16. Kent, Y. (2012) Study on morphological evaluation of testes, epididymis and seminal vesicles with particular references to certain hormonal and biochemical concentration of epididymis of buffaloes. MVSc. Thesis submitted to Deemed university I.V.R.I., Izatnagar,U.P.
17. Eiler, H. and Graves C. N. (1977) Oestrogen content of semen and the effect of exogenous oestradiol-17▀ on the oestrogen and androgen concentration in semen and blood plasma of bulls. J. Reprod. Fert. 50:17-21.
18. ăiftci, H.B. and ZŘlkadir, U. (2010) The effect of oestradiol- 17▀ on the motility, viability and the acrosomal status of bull sperm. South African Journal of Animal Sciences. 40(1): 6- 13.
19. George, F. W. and Wilson, J. D. (1994) Sex determination and differentiation. In the physiology of reproduction (Knobil.E and Neill, J.D.), 2nd edn. Raven press, New York. pp 3-28.
20. Argyropoulos, G. and Shire, J. G. M. (1989) Genotypic effects on gonadal size in foetal mice. J.Reprod. Fertil. 86: 423-438.
21. McMillan, K. L. and Hafs, H.D. (1968) Gonadal and extragonadal sperm numbers during reproductive development of Holstein bulls. J. Anim. Sci. 27:697.
22. Ostrowski, M. C., Kistler, M. K. and Kistler, W. S. (1979) Purification and cell free synthesis of a major protein from rat seminal vesicle secretion. A potential marker for androgen action. J. Biol. Chem. 254: 383-390.
23. Manjunath, P. (2012) New insights into the understanding of the mechanism of sperm protection by extender components. Anim. Reprod. 9(4): 809-815.
24. Meistrich, M. L., Hughes, T. J. and Bruce, W. R. (1975) Alternations of epididymal sperm transport and maturation in mice by oestrogen and testosterone. Nature. 258:145-147
25. Filippi, S., Luconi, M., Granchi, S., Vignozzi, L., Bettuzzi, S., Tozzi, P., Ledda, F., Forti, G. and Maggi, M. (2002) Estrogens, but not androgens, regulate expression and functional activity of oxytocin receptor in rabbit epididymis. Endocrinol. 143(11):4271-80.