Open Access
Research (Published online: 03-04-2017)
1. Evaluation of different agroindustrial waste on the effect of different carcass characteristics and physiological and biochemical parameters in broilers chicken
Y. Sanchez-Roque, Y. D. C. Perez-Luna, E. Perez-Luna, R. Berrones Hernandez and S. Saldana-Trinidad
Veterinary World, 10(4): 368-374

Y. Sanchez-Roque: Department of Agroindustrial Engineering, Universidad Politecnica de Chiapas, Eduardo J. Selvas s. n. Col. Magisterial. C. P. 29080, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico.
Y. D. C. Perez-Luna: Department of Agroindustrial Engineering, Universidad Politecnica de Chiapas, Eduardo J. Selvas s. n. Col. Magisterial. C. P. 29080, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico.
E. Perez-Luna: Department of Zootechnical, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences Campus V Universidad Autonoma de Chiapas, Carretera Ocozocoautla Villaflores, CHIS 230, 30470 Chis, Mexico.
R. Berrones Hernandez: Department of Agroindustrial Engineering, Universidad Politecnica de Chiapas, Eduardo J. Selvas s. n. Col. Magisterial. C. P. 29080, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico.
S. Saldana-Trinidad: Department of Agroindustrial Engineering, Universidad Politecnica de Chiapas, Eduardo J. Selvas s. n. Col. Magisterial. C. P. 29080, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico.

doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2017.368-374

Share this article on [Facebook] [LinkedIn]

Article history: Received: 29-09-2016, Accepted: 14-02-2017, Published online: 03-04-2017

Corresponding author: Y. D. C. Perez-Luna


Citation: Sanchez-Roque Y, Perez-Luna YDC, Perez-Luna E, Berrones-Hernandez R, Saldana-Trinidad S (2017) Evaluation of different agroindustrial waste on the effect of different carcass characteristics and physiological and biochemical parameters in broilers chicken, Veterinary World, 10(4): 368-374.

Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate the physiological and biochemical effect in chickens of the Ross breed of a food enriched with agroindustrial waste.

Materials and Methods: The food is one of the main components of the total cost for the production of chickens. Rations should be formulated to provide the correct balance of energy, protein, amino acids, minerals, vitamins and essential fatty acids, to allow optimal growth and performance. This study was intended to evaluate a natural feed for chicken, made from corn, yucca meal, eggshells, orange peel, soybean meal, salt and garlic, enriched with agroindustrial waste (molasses, milk whey and ferment of coffee). The weight gain was evaluated in broilers using a diet enriched with different agroindustrial wastes, with respect to a control food of the same composition but not containing residue. To develop the experiment 120 male Ross 308 chicks were used, these were evaluated for 6 weeks. Physicochemical test for the food and the agroindustrial waste were performed; moisture was determined; organic carbon, organic material and the ash, to characterize the agroindustrial wastes, the reducing sugars content using a spectrophotometer at 540 nm and proteins through the Kjeldahl method was evaluated. During the experiment, the weight gain of chickens and feed conversion was evaluated; the end of the experiment the weight of eviscerated channel relative weight breast, thighs, pancreas, and abdominal fat was determined, besides including blood chemistries as determination of cholesterol, triglycerides, and glucose. Finally, the microbiological analyzes to detect the presence of Escherichia coli in the cecum was determinate. Data were analyzed by InfoStat statistical program using the generalized linear model procedure. The statistical comparison was made by Tukey test at the 95% probability level.

Results: After the evaluation, fed chickens with the treatments food + milk whey (FMW) and food + ferment of coffee (FFC) demonstrated increased from 1949 to 1892 g, respectively, to the 42 days of evaluation, showing the best treatment for weight gain. However, the FFC treatment showed the best feed conversion reaching values of 1.79 related to levels of blood glucose (249 mg/dl). Even so the eviscerated channel yields were higher for the treatment FFC reaching 1810.1 g unlike the treatment FMW which it reached a weight of 1718.2 g with increased formation of abdominal fat (7.4 g) unlike other treatments. From the results, it is concluded that food enriched with coffee ferment allows an increase in weight, better feed conversion in addition to high production of lean meat.

Conclusion: It was shown that the best treatment was the food enriched with the ferment of coffee, due to increased intake and weight gain at the end of 42 days of the experiment.

Keywords: agroindustrial waste, broiler chickens, feed conversion ratio, parameters.


1. Cui, H.X., Liu, R.R., Zhao, G.P., Zheng, M.Q., Chen, J.L. and Wen, J. (2012) Identification of differentially expressed genes and pathways for intramuscular fat deposition in pectoralis major tissues of fast-and slow-growing chickens. BMC Genomics, 13(1): 213. [Crossref]

2. Du, Y.F., Ding, Q.L., Li, Y.M., Fang, W.R. (2016) Identification of differentially expressed genes and pathways for myofiber characteristics in soleus muscles between chicken breeds differing in meat quality. Anim. Biotechnol., 13: 1-11. [Crossref] [PubMed]

3. Hassan, A.H., Elham, S., Samar, T., Ibrahim, Y. and Asmaa, A.D. (2016) Effects of probiotic, prebiotic, and synbiotic with and without feed restriction on performance, hematological indices and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci. DOI: 10.5713/ajas.16.0535. [Crossref]

4. Akinleye, S.B., Iyayi, E.A. and Afolabi, K.D. (2008) The performance, haematology and carcass traits of broilers as affected by diets supplemented with or without biomin a natural growth promoter. World J. Agric. Sci., 4: 467-470.

5. Anh, N.T.L., Kunhareang, S. and Duangjinda, M. (2015) Association of chicken growth hormones and insulin-like growth factor gene polymorphisms with growth performance and carcass traits in Thai broilers. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci., 28(12): 1686. [Crossref]

6. Patel, A.P., Bhagwat, S.R., Pawar, M.M., Prajapati, K.B., Chauhan, H.D. and Makwana, R.B. (2016) Evaluation of Emblica officinalis fruit powder as a growth promoter in commercial broiler chickens. Vet. World., 9(2): 207. [Crossref]

7. Whiting, I.M., Pirgozliev, V., Rose, S.P., Wilson, J., Amerah, A.M., Ivanova, S.G. and Oso, A.O. (2016) Nutrient availability of different batches of wheat distillers dried grains with solubles with and without exogenous enzymes for broiler chickens. Poult. Sci., 96(3) 574-580. [Crossref]

8. Alzawqari, M.H., Al-Baddany, A.A., Al-Baadani, H.H., Alhidary, I.A., Khan, R.U., Aqil, G.M. and Abdurab, A. (2016) Effect of feeding dried sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) peel and lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus) leaves on growth performance, carcass traits, serum metabolites and antioxidant status in broiler during the finisher phase. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 23(17): 17077-17082. [Crossref] [PubMed]

9. Tripodo, M.M., Lanuzza, F., Micali, G., Coppolino, R. and Nucita, F. (2004) Citrus waste recovery: A new environmentally friendly procedure to obtain animal feed. Bioresour. Technol., 91(2): 111-115. [Crossref]

10. Yagci, S. (2016) Effects of instant controlled pressure drop process on physical and sensory properties of puffed wheat snack. J. Sci. Food. Agric., 97(6): 1768-1773. [Crossref] [PubMed]

11. Taipale, S.J., Galloway, A.W., Aalto, S.L., Kahilainen, K.K., Strandberg, U. and Kankaala, P. (2016) Terrestrial carbohydrates support freshwater zooplankton during phytoplankton deficiency. Sci. Rep., 6: 30897. [Crossref] [PubMed] [PMC]

12. Li, Q.F., Trottier, N. and Powers, W. (2015) Feeding reduced crude protein diets with crystalline amino acids supplementation reduce air gas emissions from housing. J. Anim. Sci., 93(2): 721-730. [Crossref] [PubMed]

13. AOAC. (2000) Official Methods of Analysis. Official Method 928.08. 16th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA.

14. Alhotan, R.A., Vedenov, D.V. and Pesti, G.M. (2016) Estimation of the maximum safe level of feed ingredients by spline or broken-line nonlinear regression models. Poult. Sci., 96(4): 904-913. [Crossref]

15. Chranioti, C., Chanioti, S. and. Tzia, C. (2016) Comparison of spray, freeze and oven drying as a means of reducing bitter aftertaste of steviol glycosides (derived from Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni plant) - Evaluation of the final products. Food Chem., 190: 1151-1158. [Crossref] [PubMed]

16. Konca, Y., Buyukkilic, B.S., Ayasan, T., Kaliber, M. and Bozkurt, K.A. (2016) The effects of freezing and supplementation of molasses and inoculants on chemical and nutritional composition of sunflower silage. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci., 29(7): 965. [Crossref]

17. Chavan, U.D., Pawar, U.B. and Pawar, G.H. (2015) Studies on preparation of mixed toffee from guava and strawberry. J. Food Sci. Technol., 52(10): 6791-6797. [Crossref] [PubMed] [PMC]

18. Skoog, D.A., Holler, F.J. and Nieman, T.A. (1998) Principios de Analisis Instrumental. 5th ed. McGraw Hill, Madrid. p11-19.

19. Jahanpour, H., Seidavi, A., Qotbi, A.A.A. and Payan-Carreira, R. (2013) Effects of two levels of quantitative feed restriction for a 7-or 14-days period on broilers blood parameters. CECAV-Cent. Cien. Anim. Vet., 41: 1144.

20. Espina, L., Garcia-Gonzalo, D. and Pagan, R. (2016) Detection of thermal sublethal injury in Escherichia coli via the selective medium plating technique: Mechanisms and improvements. Front. Microbiol., 7: 1376. [Crossref]

21. Peng, M., Han, J., Li, L. and Ma, H. (2016) Suppression of fat deposition in broiler chickens by (-)-hydroxycitric acid supplementation: A proteomics perspective. Sci. Rep., 6: 32580. [Crossref]

22. Saez, G., Baeza, E., Davail, S., Durand, D., Bauchart, D. and Gruffat, D. (2009) Hepatic metabolism of glucose and linoleic acid varies in relation to susceptibility to fatty liver in ad libitum-fed Muscovy and Pekin ducks. Br. J. Nutr., 101: 510-517. [Crossref] [PubMed]

23. Avila, E. and Cuca, G. (1990) Fuentes de Energia y Proteinas para la Alimentacion de las Aves. Vol. 9. Colegio de Postgrados de la Escuela Nacional de Agricultura, Departamento de Avicultura, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Pecuarias SARH, Mexico DF. p80.

24. Goodwin, M.A., Bounous, D.I., Brown, J., McMurray, B.L., Ricken, W.L. and Magee, D.L. (1994) Blood glucose values and definitions for hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia in clinically normal broiler chicks. Avian Dis., 38(4): 861-865. [Crossref]

25. Dong, J.Q., Zhang, H., Jiang, X.F., Wang, S.Z., Du, Z.Q., Wang, Z.P. and Li, H. (2015) Comparison of serum biochemical parameters between two broiler chicken lines divergently selected for abdominal fat content. J. Anim. Sci., 93(7): 3278-3286. [Crossref] [PubMed]

26. Bai, S., Huang, L., Luo, Y., Wang, L., Ding, X., Wang, J. and Zhang, K. (2014) Dietary manganese supplementation influences the expression of transporters involved in iron metabolism in chickens. Biol. Trace Elem. Res., 160(3): 352-360. [Crossref] [PubMed]

27. Ghasemi, H.A., Shivazad, M., Mirzapour Rezaei, S.S. and Karimi Torshizi, M.A. (2016) Effect of synbiotic supplementation and dietary fat sources on broiler performance, serum lipids, muscle fatty acid profile and meat quality. Br. Poult. Sci., 57(1): 71-83. [Crossref] [PubMed]