Article history: Received: 14-12-2016, Accepted: 08-05-2017, Published online: 24-06-2017
Corresponding author: Farzana Abbasi
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgCitation: Abbasi F, Abbasi IHR, Nissa TF, Bhutto ZA, Arain MA, Soomro RN, Siyal FA, Fazlani SA (2017) Epidemiological study of tick infestation in buffalo of various regions of district Khairpur, Pakistan, Veterinary World, 10(6): 688-694.
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological infestation and identification of Ixodidae and Argasidae ticks species in buffalo of different parts of district Khairpur, Pakistan.
Materials and Methods: A total of 720 Water buffaloes from three tehsils (subdivisions) were selected randomly and examined from organized and unorganized dairy farms for tick infestation in district Khairpur, Pakistan. This epidemiological survey was conducted during April to September 2015.
Results: The overall mean population and preferred site of tick attachment to infested animals, in Gambat, Sobhodero, and Kot Diji tehsils, were observed on different body parts. The primary body area of infestation by ticks (head, thorax, abdomen, udder, and tail) ranged from highest in tail and udder part compared to lowest in the abdomen, head, and thorax. In all study areas, the infestation was higher (p<0.05) in tail and udder than other parts of the body. In all the study areas, the overall highest population was found in the month of July. In addition, we first time identify four new species of ticks (Hyalomma anatolicum, H. anatolicum excavatum, Hyalomma Ixodes excavatum, and Ixodes ricinus) in district Khairpur, Pakistan.
Conclusion: Results of this study provide additional information of epidemiological tick infestation, and will be helpful for evolving effective control policy for the management of tick infestation in study district.
Keywords: Argasidae, buffalo, identification, Ixodidae, population, prevalence, ticks, tick infestation.
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