Open Access
Review (Published online: 05-01-2019)
3. The antioxidant components of milk and their role in processing, ripening, and storage: Functional food
Imran Taj Khan, Mohammed Bule, Rahman Ullah, Muhammad Nadeem, Shafaq Asif and Kamal Niaz
Veterinary World, 12(1): 12-33

Imran Taj Khan: Department of Dairy Technology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Ravi Campus, Pattoki, Lahore-54000, Pakistan.
Mohammed Bule: Department of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia.
Rahman Ullah: Department of Dairy Technology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Ravi Campus, Pattoki, Lahore-54000, Pakistan.
Muhammad Nadeem: Department of Dairy Technology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Ravi Campus, Pattoki, Lahore-54000, Pakistan.
Shafaq Asif: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, Campus Coste Sant'Agostino, Renato Balzarini Street, 1, 64100 Teramo, Italy.
Kamal Niaz: Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Cholistan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (CUVAS)-Bahawalpur-63100 Pakistan.

doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2019.12-33

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Article history: Received: 31-07-2018, Accepted: 05-11-2018, Published online: 05-01-2019

Corresponding author: Kamal Niaz


Citation: Khan IT, Bule M, Ullah R, Nadeem M, Asif S, Niaz K (2019) The antioxidant components of milk and their role in processing, ripening, and storage: Functional food, Veterinary World, 12(1): 12-33.

The current rate of population growth is so fast that, to feed this massive population, a 2-fold increase in land is required for the production of quality food. Improved dietary products such as milk and its products with antioxidant properties and functional foods of animal origin have been utilized to prevent chronic diseases. The designer milk contains low fat and less lactose, more protein, modified level of fatty acids, and desired amino acid profiles. The importance of milk and its products is due to the presence of protein, bioactive peptides, conjugated linoleic acid, omega-3 fatty acid, Vitamin D, selenium, and calcium. These constituents are present in milk product, play a key role in the physiological activities in human bodies, and act as anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, antioxidant, hypocholesterolemic, immune boosting, and antimicrobial activities. Consumer awareness regarding benefits of designer foods such as milk and its products is almost non-existent worldwide and needs to be established to reach the benefits of designer food technologies in the near future. The main objective of this review was to collect data on the antioxidant properties of milk and its constituents which keep milk-derived products safe and preserved.

Keywords: cholesterol, eggs, functional foods, milk, nutraceuticals, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids.


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