Veterinary World


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17.  Breeding practices in sheep farming - A. V. Khanvilkar, M. A. Shejal, S. D. Rahane and D. R. Belhekar
Vet World. 2009; 2(1): 43-44


The sheep is an important economic livestock species, contributing greatly to the Indian economy, especially in arid, semi arid and mountain areas. The current population in world is 1110.78 millions, around 44.85 millions (1987) sheeps in India (ICAR., 2002). Sheeps are mostly reared for meat and wool. The average annual wool production per sheep is between 3.5 to 5.5 kg of fine quality wool in Australia, New Zealand and U.S.S.R., where as in India except Magra sheep which annually yield more than 2 kg wool having staple length 5.8 cm, the average of rest of the wool produced is less than 1.0 kg per sheep of inferior quality (Banerjee G.C., 1998). Therefore many farmers in southern India adapted sheep rearing for meat production than for wool production. For yielding more production from sheep farming one should have sound knowledge of general information related to the reproduction and different breeding practices.

Keywords: Sheep, Breeding, Farming, Flushing, Synchronization, Heat, Ewe, Ram, Tagging, Mating, Wool, Artificial Insemination.