Veterinary World

ISSN (Online): 2231-0916
       
 

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April - 2010


Original Research

1.   Anti-inflammatory activity of red and white lotus seeds (Nelumbo nucifera) in albino rats - Vikrama Chakravarthi, P. and N. Gopakumar

Veterinary World 3(4):157-159 

 

The present study was carried out to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of red and white lotus seeds in albino rats. The Carrageenin induced paw edema model was used for studying the anti-inflammatory activity. The cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) enzyme inhibition assay was carried out in spectrophotometer to identify the specific mode of action. Forty eight adult Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this experiment. They were divided into six groups of eight each and maintained under ideal laboratory conditions. Group I was taken as control and group II treated with the standard drug diclofenac potassium @ 3mg/kg/celecoxib @ 10mg/kg (in case of COX–2 assay) on 7th day of study. The methanolic extract of Nelumbo nucifera seeds of red and white varieties @ 400mg/kg and 600mg/kg were fed to group III, IV, V and VI respectively, for 7 days. All groups of lotus seed extracts were revealed anti-inflammatory activity in Carragenin induced inflammation as well as in COX-2 enzyme inhibition assay. While comparing all groups, the higher dose group of white lotus seed extracts, exhibited more pronounced inhibition than other groups.
Keywords: Anti-Inflammatory, Lotus Seeds, COX-2 Assay, Wistar Rat.

 

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Original Research

2.  PCR based confirmation of sheeppox vaccine virus - Amitha R. Gomes, Raveendra Hegde, S. M. Byregowda, T. Suryanarayana, H. Ananda, S. L. Yeshwant, P.Giridhar and C. Renukaprasad

Veterinary World 3(4):160  

 

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Original Research

3.   Incidence of tuberculosis in and around Banglore - K. L. Phaniraja, G. M. Jayaramu, Jagdeesh Sanganal and G.S. Naveen Kumar

Veterinary World 3(4):161-164 


Incidence of Tuberculosis is higher in developing countries due to absence of National control and Eradication programme. Incidence is higher due to close contact with infected animal or human being. In the present study, 2668 bovines were screened for tuberculosis by single intradermal test from 15 different organized government and private farm. Currently, the SID test is used worldwide to determine whether an animal is sensitized to Mycobacterial antigens or not and the test is approved by OIE. Out of which, incidence of 2.89% in HF cross breeds, 0.69% in Jersey cross bred animals and none were shown reactor to Single Intradermal test in Indigenous animals. The higher incidence of 3.26% was found in female and 0.48% found in male. The calves which were below two year of age were found 1.56% reactor.
Keywords: Incidence, Eradication programme, Intra dermal test, Zoonosis.

 

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Original Research

4.   Mortality pattern in Surti goats under field condition - G.P. Sabapara and S.B. Deshpande

Veterinary World 3(4):165-166 


The mortality pattern under different age groups (0-3 M, 3-12 M and Adult) of Surti goats under field condition were studied in 11 towns/ cities of Bharuch, Surat and Navsari districts of South Gujarat region during 2006-2009. The overall mortality was recorded as 8.42 per cent while average mortality in the three groups was 11.75, 8.09, 6.04 per cent in 0-3 M, 3-12 M and Adult age group respectively during the three years period in the field condition. The major causes of mortality were recorded as enteritis (38.24 %) and pneumonia (38.24%). The mortality rate was high among all the groups in first year of study and decreased during subsequent years due to scientific and technical intervention.
Key Words: Surti Goat, Mortality Pattern

 

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Original Research

5.   Genetic studies on various production and reproduction traits of Sahiwal and crossbred cattle (HFxJerseyxSahiwal) of an organised farm - Anjan Dandapat, Dipak Banerjee and Dibyendu Chakraborty

Veterinary World 3(4):167-168 


The present investigation was undertaken on data of 30 Sahiwal cattle and 30 crossbred cattle (HF Jersey Sahiwal) from Instructional Dairy Farm (IDF), G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand. Significant (P<0.01) variations were observed in birth weight, first service period, milk yield in first 305 days (first lactation milk yield), second lactation milk yield, average daily milk yield during first lactation and days in milk in first lactation between Sahiwal and crossbred cattle. Non-significant variations were observed in first calving interval between Sahiwal and crossbred cattle. Correlation coefficient showed a significant (P< 0.01) relationship among birth weight, first calving interval, first service period, milk yield in first 305 days (first lactation milk yield), second lactation milk yield, average daily milk yield during first lactation and days in milk in first lactation. Our present investigation showed that the overall performance of crossbred (HF Jersey Sahiwal) is better than Sahiwal.
Keywords: Production, reproduction, Sahiwal, crossbred

 

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Original Research

6.   Evaluation of reproductive traits in three strains of japanese quail - A. Ashok and P. Mahipal Reddy

Veterinary World 3(4): 169-170 


A study was undertaken to evaluate the reproductive performance in two plumage colour variant strains of quail, viz; Brown, White Breasted and a dark Cinnamon Brown (commercial) strain. A total of 694 straight run active chicks were obtained in three hatches at weekly intervals from the three strains. Sex was determined at six weeks of age and female progenies were separated and data on reproductive traits were recorded. The Brown strain exhibited superior egg weights (P<0.05) than the other two strains. The commercial strain came into egg production earlier and produced significantly (P<0.05) more number of eggs than the other two strains.
Key words: egg production, egg weight, Japanese quail

 

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Original Research

7.   Effect of weaning at different age intervals on the growth rate of broiler rabbits - Y. B. Rajeshwari, R. Guruprasad and K. Sathyanarayana

Veterinary World 3(2):171-172  


Fifty broiler rabbit business were divided into five groups based on their age at weaning (3,4,5,6 and 8 weeks of weaning as group I, group II, group III, group IV and group V respectively). The average daily gain in the given group was 17.71, 18.64, 19.00, 20.86 and 21.07 gm/day respectively at the end of 12 week of the study. It was inferred that the difference was non-significant and also no significant difference was observed between the sex.
Keywords: Growth rate, Weaning, Average Daily Gain, Broiler Rabbit.

 

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Original Research

8.   Effect of supplementation of minerals and enzymes on service period and postpartum plasma minerals profile in crossbred cows - K.K. Hadiya, H.J. Derashri, B.R. Devalia and R.G. Jani

Veterinary World 3(2):173-176  


Twenty freshly calved healthy triple crossbred (HF x J x K) cows were divided randomly into four groups each of five animals from the day of calving to observe the effect of supplementation of minerals + proteins-vitamins (Nutri-sacc power pack, Vetcare) and enzymes (Neozyme RU, Biocon India Ltd) on service period and fortnightly plasma profile of macro-micro minerals up to 105 days postpartum. The animals of Group-I (T0) served as control; of Group-II (T1) were given nutri-sacc powder @100 g/d/h; while animals of Group–III (T2) and Group IV (T3) received neozyme supplementation @ 750 and 1000 g per ton of concentrate mixture, which was fed @ 1 kg for every 3 kg milk. The supplementation of minerals and enzymes did not influence service period significantly (14713.69 days). The pooled plasma calcium, inorganic phosphorus and magnesium concentrations were 10.290.11, 4.430.10 and 3.400.09 mg %, respectively. Significant (P<0.05) differences were observed between groups and between periods for all the three traits. Calcium level was significantly higher in enzyme treatment (T3) as compared to the control group, while phosphorus showed inverse trend. The calcium level was 8.150.61 mg % on the day of calving, which increased significantly by day 15 postpartum and again by day 60 postpartum and remained more or less static thereafter. The level of phosphorus and magnesium increased significantly by day 30-45 postpartum. Highly significant differences (P<0.01) were observed between periods for plasma zinc, iron, copper and manganese concentrations with pooled values of 1.190.03, 1.530.04, 0.850.02 and 0.090.01 ppm, respectively. The zinc and iron levels increased from day 45 postpartum and remained high till day 105 postpartum, while the copper increased significantly by day 15 postpartum. Nutri-saac and/or Neozyme supplementation did not influence the plasma trace minerals profile, except of copper.
Keywords: Crossbred cows, Postpartum period, Supplementation, Minerals, Enzymes, Plasma minerals profile, Service period.

 

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Original Research

9.   Antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of Haemophilus paragallinarum isolated from suspected cases of infectious coryza in poultry - Gayatri Rajurkar, Ashish Roy and Mahendra Mohan Yadav

Veterinary World 3(4):177-181 


Among infectious diseases of avian species Infectious coryza is one of the major problems affecting commercial poultry industry in the country. Infectious coryza is an upper respiratory disease of chickens caused by infection with H. paragallinarum (HPG). The disease is characterized by swollen infra-orbital sinuses, nasal discharge, and depression. The disease is seen most commonly in adult chickens and can cause a very significant reduction in the rate of egg production. Considering the economic importance of the disease, the present research pursuit was undertaken with the aim to isolate H. paragallinarum from the suspected cases of Infectious coryza in commercial poultry farms in Gujarat state with reference to their cultural, morphological characterization and antimicrobial drug sensitivity patterns. Further these isolates were confirmed by using specific colony PCR test. The research work aims to characterize Haemophilus paragallinarum field isolates of poultry origin from Infectious coryza outbreak in and around Anand, Kheda and Mahua area of Saurashtra region of Gujarat state, India.
Key words: Haemophilus paragallinarum, Antibiogram, Colony PCR,

 

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Original Research

10.  Physico-chemical, sensory and microbial quality of chicken meat chips - N. Devalakshmi, K. Prabhakaran Reddy and E. Naga Mallika

Veterinary World 3(4):182-184 


Chicken meat chips with different extenders (Bengal gram flour, Black gram flour and cooked mashed potato each at 15% level) and control were prepared and stored up to 8 weeks both at ambient (37+2C) and refrigerated (7+ 1C) temperature. The samples were analyzed for physical, chemical, microbiological and sensory quality characteristics.
Key Words: Chicken meat chips, Extenders, Sensory quality, Physico-chemical properties, Microbial quality.

 

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Original Research

11.  Preparation and sensory evaluation of papaya milk shake - S.T. Pakalwad, H.B. Awaz, S.L. Pawar and S.P. Poul

Veterinary World 3(4):185-187  


The present investigation was undertaken with the object of studying the standard procedure of preparation of milk shake from buffalo milk blended with papaya and studied for its acceptability. Milk shake was prepared from different proportions of buffalo milk and papaya pulp i.e. 100:0 (T0), 90:10 (T1), 85:15 (T2) and 80:20 (T3). The sensory score for overall acceptability of papaya milk shake of treatments T0, T1, T2 and T3 were 8.18, 8.56, 8.23 and 8.03, respectively. It was observed that the papaya milk shake prepared from 90 parts of buffalo milk and 10 parts of papaya pulp was most acceptable and ranked between like very much to like extremely. The addition of higher proportion of pulp in the blend scored towards lower side by a panel of judges.
Key words: Buffalo milk, Milk shake, Papaya, Sensory evaluation.

 

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Original Research

12. Study on calving pattern in buffaloes - Mahesh S. Dodamani, Khaja Mohteshmuddin, S.D. Awati, M.K. Tandle and S.S. Honnapagol

Veterinary World 3(4):188-190 


The present investigation was carried out on 12 parous she buffaloes maintained by farmers in the rural area around Bidar district. The dilation of cervix, expulsion of fetus and the expulsion of fetal membranes required a mean duration of 35.251.08, 43.161.21 and 43146.52 minutes respectively. The mean duration for the whole act of parturition was recorded as 509.4145.72 minutes. In all cases, allantochorion appeared as the first water bag. The fetuses were found in anterior longitudinal presentation and dorso-sacral position with head resting on forelimbs. Maximum number of calvings (80%) occurred during night hours (6 p.m. to 6 a.m.).
Key Words: Fetal membranes, Parturition, Buffaloes.

 

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Case Report

13.  Theileriosis in calves and its successful treatment - S. Ganga Naik, K. J. Ananda and Kavitha Rani B.

Veterinary World 3(4):191

 

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Case Report

14.  Magnesium deficiency in young calves and its management - S. Ganga Naik, K. J. Ananda and Kavitha Rani B.

Veterinary World 3(4):192-193

 

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Review Article

15.  Equine influenza: An overview - S.P. Waghmare, S.G. Mode, A.Y. Kolte, Namrata Babhulkar, S.H. Vyavahare and Ajit Patel

Veterinary World 3(4):194-197 


Equine influenza virus is a leading cause of respiratory disease in the horses. The disease is the OIE listed disease of equines, ponies, mules and donkeys and spreads very fast. The sporadic outbreaks of the disease have occurred all over the country. Many cases have been reported in Delhi, Meerut, Saharanpur, Jaipur, Hisar, Calcutta, Ahmedabad. Nearly all the horses at Matheran (Hill station) were infected with influenza. The disease has spread like wildfire at the stables of Royal Western India Turf Club (RWITC) at Pune and suspended the Mumbai racing season for prolonged period of time resulting in marked economic losses. After affecting racing in Mumbai, Calcutta and New Delhi, the dreaded equine influenza has spread to Karnataka and Mysore. An outbreak of disease has marred the racing season across the country. The disease was first detected in Jammu & Kashmir before entering the central region Horses at the army polo clubs and Delhi equestrian center were also affected. As per the recent survey conducted by the army across India, it has been found that 5400 horses are infected so far, especially thoroughbred most severely. Nearly, 95 % of horses on a major farm in India are suspected of suffering from equine influenza. The government also banned inter-state movement of horses for three months to contain the disease.
Key words: Influenza, Equine, Respiratory Disease, Outbreak,

 

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Review Article

16.  Bone grafting: An overview - D.O. Joshi, P.H. Tank, H.K. Mahida, M.A. Dhami, H.S. Vedpathak and A.S. Karle

Veterinary World 3(4):198-200

 

Bone grafting is the process by which bone is transferred from a source (donor) to site (recipient). Due to trauma from accidents by speedy vehicles, falling down from height or gunshot injury particularly in human being, acquired or developmental diseases like rickets, congenital defects like abnormal bone development, wearing out because of age and overuse; lead to bone loss and to replace the loss we need the bone grafting. Osteogenesis, osteoinduction, osteoconduction, mechanical supports are the four basic mechanisms of bone graft. Bone graft can be harvested from the iliac crest, proximal tibia, proximal humerus, proximal femur, ribs and sternum. An ideal bone graft material is biologically inert, source of osteogenic, act as a mechanical support, readily available, easily adaptable in terms of size, shape, length and replaced by the host bone. Except blood, bone is grafted with greater frequency. Bone graft indicated for variety of orthopedic abnormalities, comminuted fractures, delayed unions, non-unions, arthrodesis and osteomyelitis. Bone graft can be harvested from the iliac crest, proximal tibia, proximal humerus, proximal femur, ribs and sternum. By adopting different procedure of graft preservation its antigenicity can be minimized. The concept of bone banking for obtaining bone grafts and implants is very useful for clinical application. Absolute stability require for successful incorporation. Ideal bone graft must possess osteogenic, osteoinductive and osteocon-ductive properties. Cancellous bone graft is superior to cortical bone graft. Usually autologous cancellous bone graft are used as fresh grafts where as allografts are employed as an alloimplant. None of the available type of bone grafts possesses all these properties therefore, a single type of graft cannot be recomm-ended for all types of orthopedic abnormalities. Bone grafts and implants can be selected as per clinical problems, the equipments available and preference of the surgeon. A search for ideal bone graft is on and may continue till time to time.
Keywords: Bone, Bone graft, Trauma.

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