Veterinary World


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2.    Antibacterial susceptibility profiles of subclinical mastitis pathogens isolated in Batna and Setif governorates (east of Algeria) - Mamache Bakir, Rabehi Sabrina, Meziane Toufik
Vet World. 2011; 4(12): 537-541


doi: 10.5455/vetworld.2011.537-541

Sub-clinical mastitis is a main pathology of dairy husbandry because it is not clinically recognized by the owners and the veterinarians. For this reason, its economic loss is usually underestimated in milk production. This study has been undertaken in order to evaluate the epidemiologic situation of sub-clinicalmastitis in Batna and Setif governorates (East of Algeria). For this purpose, a detailed bacteriological study of all bacterial strains isolated from sub-clinical mastitis followed by a study of their antibacterial susceptibility profiles has been undertaken. 89 bacterial strains distributed as follows were studied: 27 strains of staphylococci among which 23 were coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) that are generally incriminated in sub-clinical mastitis. 39 strains of streptococci among which 10 were Lactococcus lactis ssp lactis strains. 23 strains of enterobacteria represented mainly by Escherichia coli (E.coli). All these bacterial strains were isolated from cow milk of 3 different farms. The antibacterial susceptibility profiles have revealed a susceptibility of the isolated strains to a large number of antibiotics mainly to the Neomycin, the Cephalexin and the Spiramycin.

Keywords: Sub-clinical mastitis, antibiotic, susceptibility profiles, milk, cow, bacterial strain.