Veterinary World


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Original Research

6. Prevalence and sustainable control of Balantidium coli infection in pigs of Ranchi, Jahrkahnd, India - R K Bauri, Rajeev Ranjan, A R Deb and R Ranjan
Vet World. 2012; 5(2): 94-99

Pigs had a higher degree of gastrointestinal protozoa infection 93 out of 100 faecal samples. Balantidium coli infected pigs were controlled effectively by oxytetracycline (100% on 3rd day of observation) and Metronidazole +Furazolidone combination (100% on 5th day of observation). Initially B. coli infected pigs had decreased haemoglobin, pack cell volume and total erythrocyte count values, but these pigs returned towards normal ranges after 7th day of observation. The differential leukocyte count values of B. coli infected pigs showed decreased values of neutrophils, and lymphocytes, and increased eosinophils values come towards normal range on 7th day of observation. The average body weight gain in oxytetracycline and metronidazole + furazolidone combination treated Tampworth & Desi piglets showed higher viz.35.25 1.64 kg and 28.08 1.75 kg of body weight respectively than untreated infected control piglets (15.75 2.39). The average body weight gain in Oxytetracycline and metronidazole + furazolidone combination treated desi piglets were higher body weight viz. 36.671.07 kg and 32.500.96 kg respectively than untreated infected control piglets (22.000.88 kg). In both the treatment group, the group treated with Oxytetracycline had significantly higher body weight gain 35.25 1.64 kg and 36.671.07 kg in both T & D and desi piglets respectively than metronidazole +furazolidone combination treated T & D and desi piglets (28.08 1.75 kg, 32.500.96 kg respectively). The observation on different hematological parameters during B. coli infection and their treatment indicated that the harm caused by B. coli in pigs could be reduced to a greater extent by suitable therapeutic management. Application of suitable control packages were found to be very encouraging for maintaining optimum health and economical pig production. Oxytetracycline drugs showed higher efficacy than metronidazole + furazolidone combination and it show significantly higher growth in body weight in both T& D and desi piglets.

Keywords: Pig, B. coli, prevalence, control, Oxytetracycline.