Veterinary World


ISSN (Online): 2231-0916


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Copyright: The authors. This article is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

Review Article (Published online : 19-01-2013)

14. Obstructive urolithiasis in ruminants – A review - D. M Makhdoomi and Mohsin A Gazi
Vet World. 2013; 6(4): 233-238

Obstructive urolithiasis is the retention of urine subsequent to lodgment of calculi anywhere in the urinary conduct from up to urethral orifice. The disease results in heavy economic losses to the livestock industry as it is attributed the fifth most prevalent cause of death in feedlot. Obstructive urolithiasis is a serious, potentially fatal condition, most commonly causing symptoms in castrated male animals, but also occurring in breeding males. Many surgical approaches and techniques for the diagnosis and the treatment of the disease have been described with their relative merits and demerits in the literature.

Keywords: calculi, obstruction, steer, urolithiasis