Veterinary World


ISSN (Online): 2231-0916


 Editorial board

 Instructions for authors

 Reviewer guideline

 Open access policy




Open Access

Copyright: The authors. This article is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

Research (Published online: 08-12-2013)

6. The prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. in lambs and goat kids in Kurdistan, Iran - Mohammad Khezri and Orkideh Khezri

Veterinary World, 6(12): 974-977


doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2013.974-977


1. Carey, C.M., Lee, H. and Trevors, J.T. (2004) Biology, persistence and detection of Cryptosporidium parvum and Cryptosporidium hominis oocyst. Water Res., 38(4):818- 862.
2. Xiao, L., Fayer, R., Ryan, U. and Upton, S.J. (2004) Crypto- sporidium taxonomy: Recent advances and implications for public health. Clin. Microbiol. Rev., 17:72-97.
PMid:14726456 PMCid:PMC321466
3. Fayer, R., Morgan, U., Upton, S.J. (2000) Epidemiology of Cryptosporidium: transmission, detection and identification. Int. J. Parasitol., 30:1305-1322.
4. Barker, I.K. and Carbonell, P.L. (1974) Cryptosporidium bovins sp. n. from lambs and Cryptosporidium bovis spp. n. from a calf with observations on the oocyst. Z. Parasıtenkd., 44:289-298.
5. Angus, K.W., Appleyard, W.T., Menzies, J.D., Campbell, I. and Sherwood, D. (1982) An outbreak of diarrhea associated with cryptosporidiosis in naturally reared lambs. Vet. Rec., 110:129-130.
6. Snodgrass, D.R., Angus, K.W. and Gray, E.W. (1984) Experimental cryptosporidiosis in germ-free lambs. J. Comp. Pathol., 94:141-152.
7. De Graaf, D.C., Vanopdenbosch, E., Ortega-Mora, L.M., Abbassi, H. and Peeters, J.E. (1999) A review of the importance of cryptosporidiosis in farm animals. Int. J. Parasitol., 29:1269-1287.
8. Areeshi, M.Y., Beeching, N.J. and Hart, C.A. (2007) Cryptosporidiosis in Saudi Arabia and neighboring countries. Ann. Saudi Med., 27(5):325-332.
9. Ahourai, P., Ezzi, A., Gholami, M.R., Vandyoosefi, J., Kargar, R. and Maalhagh, N. (1985) Cryptosporidium spp. in new born lambs in Iran. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 17(1):6- 8.
10. Jafari, R., Maghsood, A.H. and Fallah, M. (2013) Prevalence of Cryptosporidium Infection among Livestock and Humans in Contact with Livestock in Hamadan District, Iran, 2012. J. Res. Health Sci., 13(1):86-89.
11. Vahedi, N., Dalimi Asl, A. and Saadat, M. (2009) Primary research on gastrointestinal cryptosporidium incidence rate in lambs and calves in amol city, Iran. J. Vet. Res., 64(2):101- 102.
12. SPSS. (2000) SPSS 10.0 for windows student version. Accessed on 01- 09-2013.
13. Nouri, M. and Karami, M. (1991) Asymptomatic Cryptosporidiosis in nomadic shepherds and their sheep. J. Infect., 23(3):331-333.
14. Azami, M. (2007) Prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection in cattle in Isfahan, Iran. J. Eukaryot Microbiol., 54(1):100-102.
15. Mirzaei, M. (2012) Epidemiological survey of Crypto- sporidium spp. in companion and stray dogs in Kerman, Iran. Vet. Ital., 48(3):291-296.
16. Sazmand, A., Rasooli, A., Nouri, M., Hamidinejat, H. and Hekmatimoghaddam, S. (2012) Prevalence of Cryptospori- dium spp. in camels and involved people in Yazd Province, Iran. Iranian J. Parasitol., 7(1):80-84.
PMid:23133476 PMCid:PMC3488825
17. Shoukry, N.M., Dawoud, H.A. and Haridy, F.M. (2009) Studies on zoonotic Cryptosporidiosis parvum in Ismailia Governorate, Egypt. J. Egypt Soc. Parasitol., 39:479-488.
18. Al-Dabbagh, N.Y., Abbassa, E.T. and Ahmed, M.M. (2010) Evaluation of risk factors of cryptosporidiosis in children: a case-control study in Mosul city. Tikrit Med. J., 16:73-79.
19. Gokce, E., Ünver, A. and Erdogan, H.M. (2010) Enteric Pathogens in the etiology of Diarrhoea in Neonatal Lambs. Kafkas Univ.Vet. Fak.Derg., 16(5):717-722.
20. Misic, Z., Katic-Radivojevic, S. and Kulisic, Z. (2006) Cryptosporidium infection in lambs and goat kids in Serbia. Acta Veterinaria., 56(2-3):49-54.
21. Bejan, A., Mircean, V., Radu, C., Smaro, S. and Cozma, V. (2009) Epidemiology of Cryptosporidium spp. infection in goat kids in the central and the northwest part of Romania. Sci. Parasitol., 1:32-36.
22. Mojarad, N.H.E., Keshavarz, A., Taghipour, N., Haghighi, A., Kazemi, B. and Athari, A. (2011) Genotyping of Cryptosporidium spp. in clinical samples: PCR-RFLP analysis of the TRAP-C2 gene. Gastroenterology and Hepatology from Bed to Bench., 4(1):29-33.
23. Brook, E., Hart, C.A., French, N. and Christley, R. (2008) Prevalence and risk factors for Cryptosporidium spp. infection in young calves. Vet. Parasitol., 152:46-52.
24. Delafossa, A., Castro-Hermida, J.A., Baudry, C., Ares- Mazas, E. and Chartier, C. (2006) Herd-level risk factors for Cryptosporidium infection in dairy-goat kids in western France. Pre. Vet. Med., 77(1-2):109-121.
25. El-Khodery, S.A. and Osman, S.A. (2008) Cryptosporidiosis in buffalo calves (Bubalus bubalis): Prevalence and potential risk factors. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 40(6):419-426.
26. Noordeen, F., Rajapakse, R.P., Faizal, A.C., Horadagoda, N.U. and Arulkanthan, A. (2000) Prevalence of Cryptospori- dium infection in goats in selected locations in three agroclimatic zones of Sri Lanka. Vet. Parasitol., 93(2):95- 101.