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Research (Published online: 13-09-2014)

11. Three finger palpation technique of vas deferens for keyhole vasectomy in spotted (Axis axis) and sambar deer (Cervus unicolor) - B. J. William, M. Bharathidasan, R. Thirumurugan, A. Arunprasad, T. A. Kananan, R. S. George, L. Nagarajan and C. Ramani

Veterinary World, 7(9): 685-688

 

 

   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2014.685-688

 

 

B. J. William: Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences

University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India; vetjust@gmail.com

M. Bharathidasan: Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences

University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India; dasan.bharathi234@gmail.com

R. Thirumurugan: Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences

University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India; thiruzoovet@googlemail.com

A. Arunprasad: Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences

University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India; drapvet1973@gmail.com

T. A. Kananan: Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences

University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India; kanns2000@gmail.com

R. S. George: Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences

University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India; ravi.george@yahoo.com

L. Nagarajan: Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences

University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India; sriramki.krishna@gmail.com

C. Ramani; Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences

University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India; ramani@tanuvas.org.in

 

Received: 12-05-2014, Revised: 28-07-2014, Accepted: 31-07-2014, Published online: 13-09-2014

 

Corresponding author: B. Justin William, email: vetjust@gmail.com



Aim: Vasectomy is performed in deer for population control, maintain pedigreed animals and prevent inbreeding. Conventional procedure of vasectomy required a long-term anesthesia and longer duration of hospitalization, which often result in stress, morbidity and mortality. A study was conducted to capture, neuter and release the deer with minimal hospitalization and stress by adopting three finger palpation technique of vas deferens and performing vasectomy through a key-hole incision.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on three spotted male deer and three sambar male deer, which were immobilized with a mixture of xylazine at the dose of 1.00 mg/kg and ketamine at the dose of 5.00 mg/kg. The vas deferens could be palpated as a piece of cooked spaghetti at the neck of the scrotum on the anterior aspect by three finger palpation technique and was able to fix the vas deferens between the thumb and middle finger. Through a key-hole incision of <5 mm length, the vas deferens was exteriorized and resected using electrocautery and the skin incision was sealed with methyl methacrylate. The deer were released on the same day, and no post-operative complication was noticed.

Conclusion: The study revealed that three finger palpation technique of vas deferens provided guidance for easy access to vas deferens for vasectomy in deer with less hospitalization, and the deer could be released on the same day.

Keywords: anesthesia, immobilization, ketamine, sambar deer, spotted deer, three finger palpation technique, vasectomy, xylazine.



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