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Research (Published online: 24-04-2015)

20. Hepatoprotective activity of Moringa oleifera against cadmium toxicity in rats - Reetu Toppo, Birendra Kumar Roy, Ravuri Halley Gora, Sushma Lalita Baxla and Prabhat Kumar

Veterinary World, 8(4): 537-540



   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2015.537-540



Reetu Toppo: Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science & A. H., Birsa Agricultural University,

Ranchi - 834 006, Jharkhand, India;

Birendra Kumar Roy: Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science & A. H., Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi - 834 006, Jharkhand, India;

Ravuri Halley Gora: Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science & A. H., Birsa Agricultural University,

Ranchi - 834 006, Jharkhand, India;

Sushma Lalita Baxla: Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science & A. H., Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi - 834 006, Jharkhand, India;

Prabhat Kumar: Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science & A. H., Birsa Agricultural University,

Ranchi - 834 006, Jharkhand, India;


Received: 04-12-2014, Revised: 23-03-2015, Accepted: 28-03-2015, Published online: 24-04-2015


Corresponding author: Ravuri Halley Gora, e-mail:

Citation: Toppo R, Roy BK, Gora RH, Baxla SL, Kumar P (2015) Hepatoprotective activity of Moringa oleifera against cadmium toxicity in rats, Veterinary World 8(4); 537-540.

Aim: The present investigation has been conducted to evaluate the hepatoprotective activity of Moringa oleifera against cadmium-induced toxicity in rats.

Materials and Methods: For this study, 18 Wistar albino rats were taken. Control group, Group I rats were given cadmium chloride @ 200 ppm per kg and Group II rats were treated with M. oleifera extract @ 500 mg/kg along with cadmium chloride @ 200 ppm per kg (daily oral for 28 days). On 29th day, animals were slaughtered and various parameters were determined. Serum biomarkers, oxidative stress parameters, histomorphological examination were carried out with estimation of cadmium concentration in liver tissues.

Results: Oral administration of cadmium chloride @ 200 ppm/kg for 28 days resulted in a significant increase in aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), significant (p0.01) increase of lipid peroxidation (LPO) and decrease in superoxide dismutase (SOD), and increase in cadmium accumulation in liver. Treatment with M. oleifera @ 500 mg/kg significantly (p<0.01) decreased the elevated ALP, AST, ALT, LPO levels and increase in SOD levels, and as compared to cadmium chloride treated group. However, there was no significant difference in cadmium concentration in liver when compared with cadmium chloride treated group.

Conclusion: The study conclude that supplementation of M. oleifera (500 mg/kg), daily oral for 28 days has shown protection against cadmium-induced hepatotoxicity.

Keywords: cadmium, Moringa oleifera, rats, serum bio-markers, toxicity.

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