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Research (Published online: 07-08-2015)

2.  Diversity of Eimeria spp. in dairy cattle of Guwahati, Assam, India - M. Das, D. K. Deka, P. C. Sarmah, S. Islam and S. Sarma

Veterinary World, 8(8): 941-945



   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2015.941-945


M. Das: ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Barapani, Meghalaya, India;

D. K. Deka: Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati, Assam, India;

P. C. Sarmah: Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati, Assam, India;

S. Islam: Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati, Assam, India;

S. Sarma: Department of Biochemistry, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati, Assam, India; sarmasatya49@


Received: 03-03-2015, Revised: 02-07-2015, Accepted: 10-07-2015, Published online: 07-08-2015


Corresponding author: Meena Das, e-mail:

Citation: Das M, Deka DK, Sarmah PC, Islam S, Sarma S (2015) Diversity of Eimeria spp. in dairy cattle of Guwahati, Assam, India, Veterinary World 8(8): 941-945.

Aim: To determine the prevalence and diversity of Eimeria spp. in dairy cattle present in and around Guwahati, Kamrup district, Assam, India.

Materials and Methods: A total of 2339 fecal samples of calves (535), heifer (641) and adult (1163) cattle were screened for 1 year present in and around Guwahati, Assam for detection of Eimeria oocysts by flotation techniques. Sporulation of the oocyst was done in 2.5% potassium dichromate solution for identification of the Eimeria species.

Results: Examination of fecal samples revealed an overall prevalence of 11.97% Eimeria infection in dairy cattle of Guwahati, Assam. Age-wise, 33.2%, 45.4%, and 21.4% infections were recorded in calves (<1 year), heifer (1-3 years) and adult (>3 years) cattle, respectively. Season-wise, infection was recorded highest during post-monsoon (16.29%), followed by monsoon (15%), winter (9.44%), and pre-monsoon (7.49%) season. Seven species of Eimeria were recorded viz. Eimeria bovis, Eimeria zuernii, Eimeria subspherica, Eimeria bukidnonensis, Eimeria auburnensis, Eimeria ellipsoidalis and Eimeria alabamensis. The oocyst count per gram of feces ranged from 50 to 1500 in infected cattle.

Conclusion: This study indicates that there is the prevalence of seven species of Eimeria in dairy cattle of Guwahati, Assam and mostly prevalent during the post-monsoon season.

Keywords: Assam, dairy cattle, Eimeria spp., prevalence.

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