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Research (Published online: 21-02-2015)

13. Rumen modulatory effect of thyme, clove and peppermint oils in vitro using buffalo rumen liquor - Debashis Roy, S. K. Tomar and Vinod Kumar

Veterinary World, 8(2): 203-207

 

 

   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2015.203-207

 

Debashis Roy: Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Uttar Pradesh Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwavidyalaya Evam Go Anusandhan Sansthan (DUVASU), Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India; debashis2k4@gmail.com

S. K. Tomar: Dairy Cattle Nutrition Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, India; santoshktomar@gmail.com

Vinod Kumar: Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Uttar Pradesh Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwavidyalaya Evam Go Anusandhan Sansthan (DUVASU), Mathura, Uttar

Pradesh, India; vinodsidhu@rediffmail.com

 

Received: 15-09-2014, Revised: 02-01-2015, Accepted: 09-01-2015, Published online: 21-02-2015

 

Corresponding author: Debashis Roy , e-mail: debashis2k4@gmail.com


Citation: Roy D, Tomar SK, Kumar V (2015) Rumen modulatory effect of thyme, clove and peppermint oils in vitro using buffalo rumen liquor, Veterinary World 8(2):203-207.



Aim: The present study was conducted to examine the rumen modulatory effect of thyme, clove and peppermint oils on rumen fermentation pattern in vitro using roughage based diet.

Materials and Methods: Thyme, clove and peppermint oils were tested at concentration of 0, 30, 300 and 600 mg/l (ppm) of total culture fluid using in vitro gas production technique in wheat straw based diet (concentrate: Wheat straw 50:50). Different in vitro parameters e.g., total gas production, methane production, nutrient degradability, volatile fatty acid (VFA) production and ammonia nitrogen concentration were studied using buffalo rumen liquor.

Results: Thyme oil at higher dose level (600 ppm) reduced (p<0.05) total gas production, feed degradability and ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N) concentration whereas total VFA concentration was significantly lower (p>0.05) in 300 and 600 ppm dose levels. 600 ppm dose level of clove oil reduced (p<0.05) total gas production, feed degradability, total VFA and acetate to propionate ratio. Methane production was significantly reduced (p<0.05) in 300 and 600 ppm dose levels of clove and peppermint oil.

Conclusion: Right combination of these essential oils may prove to enhance performance of animals by reducing methane production and inhibiting protein degradation in rumen.

Keywords: ammonia nitrogen, essential oil, rumen fermentation, methane, wheat straw.



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