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Research (Published online: 23-02-2015)

16. Seroprevalence of Brucella abortus and Leptospira hardjo in cattle - S. Jegaveera Pandian, Pradeep Kumar Ray, P. C. Chandran and Manoj Kumar

Veterinary World, 8(2): 217-220



   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2015.217-220


S. Jegaveera Pandian: Division of Livestock and Fisheries Management, ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Patna, Bihar, India;

Pradeep Kumar Ray: Division of Livestock and Fisheries Management, ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Patna, Bihar, India;

P. C. Chandran: Division of Livestock and Fisheries Management, ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Patna, Bihar, India;

Manoj Kumar: Department of Microbiology, Bihar Veterinary College, Patna, Bihar, India;


Received: 11-09-2014, Revised: 05-01-2015, Accepted: 12-01-2015, Published: 23-02-2015


Corresponding author: S. Jegaveera Pandian, email:

Citation: Pandian SJ, Ray PK, Chandran PC, Kumar M (2015) Seroprevalence of Brucella abortus and Leptospira hardjo in cattle, Veterinary World 8(2):217-220.

Aim: The aim was to assess the seroprevalence of B. abortus and Leptospira hardjo in the cattle population of Bihar, this work was carried out.

Materials and Methods: Randomly selected 450 cattle from nine districts of Bihar were serologically screened for antibodies against L. hardjo and B. abortus. DAS-ELISA for leptospira and AB-ELISA for brucella were carried out. Based on the results prevalence in each district and the state are reported herewith.

Results: In this study, it was found that the seroprevalence of L. hardjo was 9.11% and that of B. abortus was 12.2% in Bihar. Indigenous cattle were found to be less susceptible to leptospirosis and brucellosis even though they accounted for 83.11% of the study population.

Conclusion: Although there was no acute disease, antibodies detected against L. hardjo and B. abortus in the cattle population indicated the presence of chronic and subclinical infection, which could challenge the fertility of the animals.

Keywords: brucellosis, cattle, infertility, leptospirosis, seroprevalence.

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