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Research (Published online: 13-01-2015)

11. Isolation of Canine parvovirus with a view to identify the prevalent serotype on the basis of partial sequence analysis - Gurpreet Kaur, Mudit Chandra, P. N. Dwivedi and N. S. Sharma

Veterinary World, 8(1): 52-56

 

 

   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2015.52-56

 

 

Gurpreet Kaur: Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India; gurpreet7502@rediffmail.com

Mudit Chandra: Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India; drmuditchandra@rediffmail.com

P. N. Dwivedi: Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India; dwivedi_micro@yahoo.co.in

N. S. Sharma: Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India; singhsharman@yahoo.com

 

Received: 08-09-2014, Revised: 09-12-2014, Accepted: 14-12-2014, Published online: 13-01-2015

 

Corresponding author: Gurpreet Kaur, email: gurpreet7502@rediffmail.com



Aim: The aim of this study was to isolate Canine parvovirus (CPV) from suspected dogs on madin darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell line and its confirmation by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and nested PCR (NPCR). Further, VP2 gene of the CPV isolates was amplified and sequenced to determine prevailing antigenic type.

Materials and Methods: A total of 60 rectal swabs were collected from dogs showing signs of gastroenteritis, processed and subjected to isolation in MDCK cell line. The samples showing cytopathic effects (CPE) were confirmed by PCR and NPCR. These samples were subjected to PCR for amplification of VP2 gene of CPV, sequenced and analyzed to study the prevailing antigenic types of CPV.

Results: Out of the 60 samples subjected to isolation in MDCK cell line five samples showed CPE in the form of rounding of cells, clumping of cells and finally detachment of the cells. When these samples and the two commercially available vaccines were subjected to PCR for amplification of VP2 gene, a 1710 bp product was amplified. The sequence analysis revealed that the vaccines belonged to the CPV-2 type and the samples were of CPV-2b type.

Conclusion: It can be concluded from the present study that out of a total of 60 samples 5 samples exhibited CPE as observed in MDCK cell line. Sequence analysis of the VP2 gene among the samples and vaccine strains revealed that samples belonged to CPV-2b type and vaccines belonging to CPV-2.

Keywords: Canine parvovirus, madin darby canine kidney cell line, polymerase chain reaction, nested polymerase chain reaction, VP2 gene.



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