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Research (Published online: 14-07-2015)

7 Assessment of variable drinking water sources used in Egypt on broiler health and welfare - N. ELSaidy, R. A. Mohamed, F. Abouelenien

Veterinary World, 8(7): 855-864



   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2015.855-864


N. ELSaidy: Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr

El-Sheikh Governorate - 33156, Egypt; N. Elsaidy, e-mail:

R. A. Mohamed: Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine (Animal Behavior and Welfare), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr El-sheikh City - 33156, Egypt;

F. Abouelenien: Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr

El-Sheikh Governorate - 33156, Egypt;


Received: 04-03-2015, Revised: 02-06-2015, Accepted: 10-06-2015, Published online: 14-07-2015


Corresponding author: Gyan Chand Gahlot, e-mail:

Citation: Elsaidy N, Mohamed RA, Abouelenien F (2015) Assessment of variable drinking water sources used in Egypt on broiler health and welfare, Veterinary World 8(7): 855-864.

Aim: This study assessed the impact of four water sources used as drinking water in Egypt for broiler chickens on its performance, carcass characteristic, hematological, and immunological responses.

Materials and Methods: A total of 204 unsexed 1-day old Indian River broiler chickens were used in this study. They were randomly allocated into four treatment groups of 51 birds in each, with three replicates, 17 birds per replicate. Groups were classified according to water source they had been received into (T1) received farm tap water; (T2) received filtered tap water (T3) received farm stored water at rooftop tanks, (T4) received underground (well) water.

Results: All water sources showed no significant differences among treated groups at (p>0.05) for most of the performance parameters and carcass characteristics. However (T2) group showed higher records for body weight (BWT), BWT gain (BWG), feed conversion ratio, bursa weight, serum total protein, globulin (G), albumin (A) and A/G ratio, Ab titer against New castle disease virus vaccine. On the other hand, it showed lower records for water intake (WI), WI/Feed intake ratio, total leukocytes count %, heterophil %, lymphocyte %, H/L ratio, liver weight, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, glutamic pyruvic transaminase, serum uric acid and creatinine. Where filtered water reverse osmosis showed lowest records for bacterial load, the absence of coliform bacteria, total dissolved solids (TDS), electrical conductivity (EC) and salinity. On the other hand stored water showed higher numerical values for TDS, EC, alkalinity, salinity, pH, bacterial count, and coliform count.

Conclusion: Base on the results of this study, it is concluded that different water sources could safely be used as drinking water for poultry; as long as it is present within the acceptable range of drinking water quality for chickens. Suggesting the benefits of treatment of water sources on improving chickens’ health and welfare. Draw attention to the importance of maintaining the hygienic quality of stored water.

Keywords: broiler performance, broiler health and immunity, poultry drinking water, water treatment.

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