Veterinary World

     Open access and peer reviewed journal  

ISSN (Online): 2231-0916

 

Home l Editorial board l Instructions for authors l Reviewer guideline l Open access policy l Archives l FAQ


Open Access

Copyright: The authors. This article is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License

(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.


Research (Published online: 18-06-2015)

10.  Sexual behavior and its relationship with semen quality parameters in Sahiwal breeding bulls - Shushant Singh, M. Bhakat, T. K. Mohanty, A. Kumar, A. K. Gupta, A. K. Chakravarty and P. Singh

Veterinary World, 8(6): 745-749

 

 

   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2015.745-749

 

Shushant Singh: Artificial Breeding Research Centre, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal - 132 001, Haryana, India; shushantsingh85@gmail.com

M. Bhakat: Livestock and Production Management Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal - 132 001, Haryana, India; bhakat.mukesh@gmail.com

T. K. Mohanty: Artificial Breeding Research Centre, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal - 132 001, Haryana, India; mohanty.tushar@gmail.com

A. Kumar: Artificial Breeding Research Centre, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal - 132 001, Haryana, India;

ajitchaurasia6@gmail.com

A. K. Gupta: Artificial Breeding Research Centre, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal - 132 001, Haryana, India; guptaak2009@gmail.com

A. K. Chakravarty: Artificial Breeding Research Centre, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal - 132 001, Haryana, India; ak_chakravarty@yahoo.co.in

P. Singh: Artificial Breeding Research Centre, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal - 132 001, Haryana, India;

pawansinghdabas@gmail.com

 

Received: 31-01-2015, Revised: 09-05-2015, Accepted: 16-05-2015, Published online: 18-06-2015

 

Corresponding author: Shushant Singh, e-mail: shushantsingh85@gmail.com


Citation: Singh S, Bhakat M, Mohanty TK, Kumar A, Gupta AK, Chakravarty AK, Singh P (2015) Sexual behavior and its relationship with semen quality parameters in Sahiwal breeding bulls, Veterinary World 8(6): 745-749.



Aim: The study was conducted at Artificial Breeding Research Centre, NDRI, Karnal, to determine the sexual behavior and its relationship with semen quality parameters in Sahiwal breeding bulls.

Materials and Methods: A total of 63 ejaculates were collected from six adult Sahiwal bulls (age ~47 mo and bwt ~466 kg), to study the relationship of sexual behavior and semen quality. The degree of association between different variables was estimated by Pearson’s correlation coefficient method.

Results: The results depicted that, sexual aggressiveness showed significantly high positive correlation with libido score (LS) and sexual behavior score (SBS). Reaction time (RT) and total time taken in mounts (TTTM) had a significant negative correlation with LS and SBS. Penile erection score and penile protrusion score (PPS) both had a significant positive correlation with ejaculatory thrust score, mating ability score, and SBS. Results of correlation among seminal attributes and with sexual behavior depicted that ejaculate volume had positive significant correlation with initial progressive motility (IPM), sperm concentration (SCON), head abnormality, total abnormality, hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST), acrosomal integrity (AI) whereas, mass activity had positive significant correlation with IPM, SCON, non-eosinophilic spermatozoa count (NESC), HOST, AI, RT and TTTM and IPM had positive significant correlation with SCON, NESC, HOST, AI, and TTTM, whereas and HOST had positive significant correlation with AI. Among seminal attributes, SCON had a positive significant correlation with PPS where as head abnormalities had a positive significant correlation with RT and TTTM.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that the relationship of sexual behavior and semen quality parameters are reflecting that the sexual behavior of individual bulls is important to harvest good quality and quantity of semen as desired type of sexual preparation can be provided.

Keywords: correlation, Sahiwal bulls, semen quality, sexual behavior.



1. Sharma, M., Singh, M., Kapoor, S. and Jasial, S. (2012) Inter relationship between some routine semen evaluation parameters in Jersey X local hill cattle crossbred bulls. Open Vet. J., 2: 26-31.
 
2. Anzar, M., Ahmad, M., Nazir, M., Ahmad, N. and Shah, I.H. (1993) Selection of buffalo bulls: Sexual behaviour and its relationship to semen production and fertility. Theriogenology, 40: 1187-1198.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0093-691X(93)90289-H
 
3. Sultana, F., Husain, S.S., Khatun, A., Apu, A.S. and Khandoker, M.A.M. (2013) Study on buck evaluation based on semen quality and fertility. Bang. J. Anim. Sci., 42(2): 101-108.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/bjas.v42i2.18487
 
4. Kaur, B.A. and Sandhey, C.R. (2014) Analysis of sperm and relationship between conventional sperm parameters and hypo-osmotic swelling test/acrylamide penetration assay-crossbred cattle bulls. Adv. Appl. Res., 1(6): 39-44.
 
5. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1967) Statistical Methods. Iowa State University Press, Ames.
PMid:6027619
 
6. Kumar, M. (1993) Sexual behaviour pattern in Sahiwal and Murrah bulls. M.Sc. Thesis, NDRI Deemed University, Karnal, Haryana, India.
 
7. Patel, K.V., Dhami, A.J. and Kodagali, S.B. (1989) Seminal char-acteristics and their inter-relationships in K J and K HF crossbred bulls. Indian Vet. J., 66: 737-743.
 
8. Ramachandran, N. (2000) Studies on fertility performance of Sahiwal bulls M.Sc. Thesis, NDRI Deemed University, Karnal, Haryana, India.
 
9. Ray, K. and Ghosh, B.B. (2013) Semen ejaculates characteristics, in vitro fertility and their interrelationships in sahiwal bull semen. Int. J. Arts Sci., 3(3): 483-489.
 
10. Lodhi, L.A., Zubair, M., Qureshi, Z.I., Ahmad, I. and Jamil, H. (2008) Correlation between hypo-osmotic swelling test and various conventional semen evaluation parameters in fresh Nili-Ravi buffalo and Sahiwal cow bull semen. Pak. Vet. J., 28: 186-188.
 
11. Brito, L.F., Barth, A.D., Bilodeau-Goessel, S., Panich, P.L. and Kastelic, J.P. (2003) Comparison of methods to evaluate plasmalemma of bovine sperm and their relationship with in-vitro fertilization rate. Theriogenology, 60: 1539-1551.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0093-691X(03)00174-2
 
12. Rao, T.T., Rao, M.M., Rao, K.B. and Naidu, K.V. (2011) Semen ejaculates characteristics and fertility in Ongole bulls. Indian Vet. J., 88(2): 36-37.
 
13. Mandal, D.K. (1998) Effect of surface cooling on reproductive performance of Murrah buffalo bulls. Ph. D. Thesis, NDRI Deemed University, Karnal, Haryana, India.
 
14. Bohlooli, S., Cedden, F., Bozoglu, S., Razzaghzadeh, S. and Pishjang, J. (2012) Correlation between conventional sperm assay parameters in cryopreserved ram semen. Ann. Biol. Res., 3: 884-889.
 
15. Bhakat, M. (2007) Studies on low grade ejaculates for augmenting semen quality and preservability in dairy bulls. Ph. D. Thesis. NDRI, Karnal, Haryana, India.
 
16. Singh, A.K., Brar, P.S. and Cheema, R.S. (2014) Relationships among frozen-thawed semen fertility, physical parameters, certain routine sperm characteristics and testosterone in breeding Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bulls. Vet. World, 7(9): 644-651.
http://dx.doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2014.644-651
 
17. Elrabie, K.A. (2008) Effect of managemental interventions on the libido and semen quality of Sahiwal bulls. M.V. Sc. Thesis, NDRI Deemed University, Karnal, Haryana, India.