Veterinary World

     Open access and peer reviewed journal  

ISSN (Online): 2231-0916

 

Home l Editorial board l Instructions for authors l Reviewer guideline l Open access policy l Archives l FAQ


Open Access

Copyright: The authors. This article is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License

(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.


Research (Published online: 28-06-2015)

18.  Effect of feeding sugarcane press mud on carcass traits and meat quality characteristics of lambs - Ranjan Kumar, Subodh Kumar Saha and Sanjod Kumar Mendiratta

Veterinary World, 8(6): 793-797

 

 

   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2015.793-797

 

Ranjan Kumar: Division of Animal Nutrition, Centre of Advance Faculty Training in Animal Nutrition, Indian Veterinary Research

Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India; ranjanvetkvkmuz@gmail.com

Subodh Kumar Saha: Division of Animal Nutrition, Centre of Advance Faculty Training in Animal Nutrition, Indian Veterinary Research

Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India; subodhksaha@yahoomail.com

Sanjod Kumar Mendiratta: Division of Livestock Products Technology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India; mendiratta_65@yahoo.co.in

 

Received: 11-03-2015, Revised: 20-05-2015, Accepted: 28-05-2015, Published online: 28-06-2015

 

Corresponding author: Ranjan Kumar, e-mail: ranjanvetkvkmuz@gmail.com


Citation: Kumar R, Saha SK, Mendiratta SK (2015) Effect of feeding sugarcane press mud on carcass traits and meat quality characteristics of lambs, Veterinary World 8(6): 793-797.



Aim: To explore the possibilities of feeding unconventional agro-industrial byproduct for livestock production. Sugarcane press-mud (SPM), is a byproduct derived from sugarcane industry, which is rich in protein as well as minerals. The effects of dietary inclusion of SPM at different levels on the carcass characteristics of lambs were evaluated.

Materials and Methods: SPM was incorporated in concentrate mixture at different levels 0% (SP0 - concentrate mixture without SPM [Control diet]), 10% (SP10 - concentrate mixture containing 10% SPM) and 20% (SP20 - concentrate mixture containing 20% SPM). The concentrate mixtures were fed along with wheat straw for 180 days. At the end of the experimental period, six lambs per group were slaughtered to evaluate carcass and meat quality characteristics.

Results: No significant difference was observed in dressing percentage on pre-slaughter weight or empty body weight basis of lambs fed different levels of SPM incorporated diets. Likewise carcass weight, carcass length, and wholesale cuts appeared to have similar values among groups. The yield of visceral organs, chemical composition, and sensory attributes were not statistically affected by inclusion of SPM in the diets except juiciness of control group meat was significantly (p<0.05) higher than treatment group (SP20).

Conclusion: The SPM can be incorporated in the diet of lambs up to the level of 20% without affecting the carcass characteristics of lambs.

Keywords: carcass characteristics, lambs, sensory attributes, sugarcane press-mud.



1. Livestock Census 19th (2012) Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi.
 
2. Government of India. (2011-12) Annual Report, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi.
 
3. Solomon, S. (2011) Sugarcane by-products based industries in India. Sugar Tech., 13(4): 408-416.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12355-011-0114-0
 
4. Suresh, B.N. and Reddy, B.S.V. (2011) Dried sugarcane press residue as a potential feed ingredient source of nutrients for poultry. Asian Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 24(11): 1595-1600.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2011.11054
 
5. Suma, N., Reddy, B.S.V., Doss, R.G.G., Rao, R., Singh, K.C., Rekha, M.T. and Gomes, A.R. (2007) Egg quality trait of layers influenced by supplementation of different levels of sugarcane press residue. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 6(2): 102-106.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2007.102.106
 
6. ICAR. (2013) Nutrient Requirements of Sheep, Goat and Rabbit. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Krishi Anusandhan Bhawan, Pusa, New Delhi.
 
7. Gracey, J.F., Collins, D.S. and Huey, R.J. (1999) Meat Hygiene. 10th ed. W.B. Saunder Company Ltd., London.
PMCid:PMC85396
 
8. Gerrand, F. (1964) Meat Technology. 3rd ed. Leonard Hell Limited, London, UK.
 
9. Yeates, N.T.M., Edey, T.N. and Hill, M.K. (1995) Animal Science-Reproduction, Climate, Meat, Wool. Peragon Press, Australia. p226-227.
 
10. ISI. (1963) Indian standard Specification for Mutton and Goat Flesh-Fresh, Chilled and Frozen. ISI: Indian Standard Institution (Bureau of Indian Standard), New Delhi. p1963-2536.
PMCid:PMC1254538
 
11. Wardlaw, F.R., McCaskill, L.H. and Acton, J.C. (1973) Effect of post-mortem changes on poultry meat loaf properties. J. Food Sci., 38: 421-23.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1973.tb01444.x
 
12. AOAC. (2005) Official Methods of Analysis. 18th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, D.C.
 
13. Van Soest, P.J., Robertson, J.B. and Lewis, B.A. (1991) Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Symposium on carbohydrate methodology, metabolism and nutritional implications in dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci., 74: 3563-3597.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78551-2
 
14. Talapatra, S.K., Ray, S.C. and Sen, K.C. (1940) Estimation of phosphorus, chlorine, calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium in foodstuffs. Indian J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb., 10: 243-246.
 
15. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1994) Statistical Methods. 8thed. Iowa State University Press, Iowa. p217-235.
 
16. Statistical Packages for Social Sciences 20.0. (2012) SPSS Inc., Chicago, USA.
 
17. Duncan, D.B. (1955) Multiple range and multiple F-test. Biometrics, 11: 1-12.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3001478
 
18. Ankita, (2013) Sugarcane press mud as an alternative feed resource for Goats. M.V.Sc. Thesis, Submitted to IVRI, Izatnagar, UP, India.
 
19. Suma, N., Reddy, B.S.V., Doss, R.G.G., Prabhu, T.M., Kumar, C.B., Suresh, B.N. and Shilpa, V.T. (2015) Egg shell and yolk quality characteristics of layers fed with sugarcane press residue in soya and fish based diets. Vet. World, 8: 232-238.
http://dx.doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2015.232-238
 
20. Suresh, B.N., Reddy, B.S.V., Manjunatha Prabhu, B.H. and Shankar, N. (2009) Carcass characteristics of broilers fed sugarcane press residue with biotechnological agents. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 8(7): 671-676.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2009.671.676
 
21. Patel, M., Sharma, R.J., Kumar, A., Tiwari, D.P., Prabakaran, P. and Panja, A. (2009) Effect on carcass characteristics of pigs fed with different levels of jaggery filter cake along with concentrate. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 79(10): 1054-1057.
 
22. Vergara, H., Molina, A. and Gallego, L. (1999) Influence of sex and slaughter weight on carcass and meat quality in light and medium weight lambs produced in intensive systems. Meat Sci., 52: 221-226.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(98)00171-5
 
23. Lade, M.H. (2007) Clinico – Nutritional and reproductive performance of rams fed processed castor bean meal as protein supplement. Ph. D. Thesis, Submitted to IVRI, Izatnagar, UP, India.
 
24. Sahu, S., Patel, B.H.M., Dutta, T. and Verma, A.K. (2014) Effect of graded levels of sugarcane press mud in ration on carcass characteristics of crossbred (Landrace Desi) pigs. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 84(10): 1109-1112.
 
25. Budeppa, H.B., Reddy, B.S.V., Singh, K.C. and Doss, R.G. (2008) Influence of sugarcane press mud on serum calcium and plasma inorganic phosphorus in broilers. Indian J. Anim. Nutr., 25: 93-96.
 
26. Santos, V.A.C., Silva, S.R., Mena. E.G. and Azevedo, J.M.T. (2007) Live weight and sex effects on carcass and meat quality of ''Borrego terrincho–PDO'' suckling lambs. Meat Sci., 77: 654-661.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2007.05.019
PMid:22061955
 
27. Hamm, R. (1962) Muscle as Food, Food Science and Technology. In: Bechtel P.J., editor. A Series of Monographs. 1985th ed. Academic Press, New York.
 
28. Rajkumar, V., Dass, G., Verma, A.K. and Das, A.K. (2014) Slaughter weight effect on carcass and meat quality of Muzaffarnagari lambs in intensive production system. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 84(5): 569-574.
 
29. Das, A.K., Das, G. and Singh, N.P. (2008) Growth, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Muzaffarnagari lambs at various stages under intensive and semi-intensive management. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 78: 541-546.
 
30. Katole, S., Saha, S.K., Sastry, V.R.B. and Mendiratta, S.K. (2013) Effect of processed Jatropha (Jatropha curcas) meal on carcass characteristics of adult rams. J. Meat Sci. Tech., 1(2): 64-70.