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Research (Published online: 04-03-2015)

1. Pock forming ability of fowl pox virus isolated from layer chicken and its adaptation in chicken embryo fibroblast cell culture - Varsha Rani Gilhare, S. D. Hirpurkar, Ashish Kumar, Surendra Kumar Naik and Tarini Sahu

Veterinary World, 8(3): 245-250



   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2015.245-250


Varsha Rani Gilhare: Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anjora, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India;

S. D. Hirpurkar: Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anjora, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India;

Ashish Kumar: Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anjora, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India;

Surendra Kumar Naik: Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anjora, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India;

Tarini Sahu: Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anjora, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India;


Received: 09-10-2014, Revised: 13-01-2015, Accepted: 20-01-2015, Published online: 04-03-2015


Corresponding author: Varsha Rani Gilhare, e-mail:

Citation: Gilhare VR, Hirpurkar SD, Kumar A, Naik SK, Sahu T (2015) Pock forming ability of fowl pox virus isolated from layer chicken and its adaptation in chicken embryo fibroblast cell culture, Veterinary World 8(3):245-250.

Aim: The objective of the present study was to examine pock forming ability of field strain and vaccine strain of fowl pox virus (FPV) in chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of embryonated chicken eggs and its adaptation in chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) cell culture.

Materials and Methods: Dry scabs were collected from 25 affected birds in glycerin-saline and preserved at 4C until processed. Virus was isolated in 10-day-old embryonated chicken eggs by dropped CAM method. The identity of the virus is confirmed by clinical findings of affected birds, pock morphology and histopathology of infected CAM. In addition one field isolate and vaccine strain of FPV was adapted to CEF cell culture. CEF cell culture was prepared from 9-day-old embryonated chicken eggs.

Result: Clinical symptoms observed in affected birds include pox lesion on comb, wattle, eyelids and legs, no internal lesions were observed. All field isolates produced similar findings in CAM. Pocks produced by field isolates ranged from 3 mm to 5 mm at the third passage while initial passages edematous thickening and necrosis of CAM was observed. Pocks formed by lyophilized strain were ranges from 0.5 mm to 2.5 mm in diameter scattered all over the membrane at the first passage. Intra-cytoplasmic inclusion bodies are found on histopathology of CAM. At third passage level, the CEF inoculated with FPV showed characteristic cytopathic effect (CPE) included aggregation of cells, syncytia and plaque formation.

Conclusion: FPV field isolates and vaccine strain produced distinct pock lesions on CAMs. Infected CAM showed intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies. The CEF inoculated with FPV field isolate as well as a vaccine strain showed characteristic CPE at third passage level.

Keywords: chicken embryo fibroblast cell culture, chorioallantoic membrane, embryonated egg, fowl pox virus.

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