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Research (Published online: 06-05-2015)

3. Effect of tanniferous leaf meal based multi-nutrient blocks on feed intake, hematological profile, immune response, and body weight changes in Haemonchus contortus infected goats - Surender Singh, A. K. Pathak, R. K. Sharma and Muzaffer Khan

Veterinary World, 8(5): 572-579

 

 

   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2015.572-579

 

Surender Singh: Division of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & AH, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Science and Technology of Jammu, R. S. Pura-181 102, Jammu and Kashmir, India; surendersingh185@gmail.com

A. K. Pathak: Division of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & AH, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Science and Technology of Jammu, R. S. Pura-181 102, Jammu and Kashmir, India; dranandpathak1974@gmail.com

R. K. Sharma: Division of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & AH, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Science and Technology of Jammu, R. S. Pura-181 102, Jammu and Kashmir, India; drksann@rediffmail.com

Muzaffer Khan: Division of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & AH, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Science and Technology of Jammu, R. S. Pura-181 102, Jammu and Kashmir, India; mmuzaffer41@gmail.com

 

Received: 15-12-2014, Revised: 04-04-2015, Accepted: 09-04-2015, Published online: 06-05-2015

 

Corresponding author: A. K. Pathak, e-mail: dranandpathak1974@gmail.com


Citation: Singh S, Pathak AK, Sharma RK, Khan M (2015) Effect of tanniferous leaf meal based multi nutrient blocks on feed intake, haematological profile, immune response and body weight changes in Haemonchus contortus infected goats, Veterinary World 8(5):572-579.



Aim: The aim was to assess the effect of multi nutrient block (MNB) supplementation with and without tanniferous leaf meal mixture on feed intake, hematological profile, immune response, and body weight changes of goats that were experimentally infected with Haemonchus contortus.

Materials and Methods: Total 12 adult male goats of similar age and body weight (26.490.87) were allocated in 3 groups in completely randomized design. MNB supplemented in first two groups i.e. in T1 (no infection) and T2 (H. contortus infection @ 1500 L3/goat) group, while, MNB-condensed tannin (CT) supplemented in T3 (H. contortus infection @ 1500 L3/goat + CT source). All goats were fed concentrate mixture @ 100 g/day/goat, ad lib wheat straw and MNB or MNB-CT to meet their requirement for maintenance. Body weights were recorded and blood and fecal samples were collected at 0 day and thereafter at 15 days intervals for a period of 75 days for the assessment of body weight changes, hematological profile and H. contortus loads. Both humoral and cell-mediated immune (CMI) response were assessed at the end of feeding trial.

Results: Mean hemoglobin and packed cell volume (PCV) levels were found to be highest (p<0.001, p<0.05) in T1 group followed by T3 group and lowest values were observed in T2 group. However, The PCV values between T1 and T3 groups were found to be statistically non-significant (p<0.05). The humoral and CMI response were significantly (p<0.036) higher in T3 group as compared to T2 group. MNB-CT supplementation significantly (p<0.001) reduced fecal egg counts in T3 group as compared to MNB supplemented T2 group.

Conclusion: Supplementation of MNB-CT could be used as an alternative sustainable method to control H. contortus and maintained health status and performance of goats in face of parasitic challenge.

Keywords: condensed tannins, goats, Haemonchus contortus, leaf meal mixture, multi-nutrient blocks.



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