Veterinary World

     Open access and peer reviewed journal  

ISSN (Online): 2231-0916


Home l Editorial board l Instructions for authors l Reviewer guideline l Open access policy l Archives l FAQ

Open Access

Copyright: The authors. This article is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License

( which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

Research (Published online: 15-09-2015)

6.  Epidemiological studies on forestomach disorders in cattle and buffaloes - A. K. Sharma, P. S. Dhaliwal and C. S. Randhawa

Veterinary World, 8(9): 1063-1067



   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2015.1063-1067


A. K. Sharma: Department of Veterinary Medicine, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India;

P. S. Dhaliwal: Department of Veterinary Medicine, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India;

C. S. Randhawa: Department of Veterinary Medicine, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India;


Received: 12-05-2015, Revised: 29-07-2015, Accepted: 10-08-2015, Published online: 15-09-2015


Corresponding author: A. K. Sharma, e-mail:

Citation: Sharma AK, Dhaliwal PS, Randhawa CS (2015) Epidemiological studies on forestomach disorders in cattle and buffaloes, Veterinary World 8(9): 1063-1067.

Aim: To study epidemiology of forestomach (reticuloruminal, omasal, and abomasal) disorders in cattle and buffaloes.

Materials and Methods: The 106 buffaloes and 32 cattle referred for treatment to the university large animals teaching hospital with the complaint of gastrointestinal diseases constituted the study material. The cases were diagnosed based on history, clinical examination, hematology, biochemistry, radiography, peritoneal fluid analysis and ultrasonography, rumenotomy, and postmortem. A questionnaire was prepared containing important information on housing, husbandry practices, including feeding practices and individual animal information viz. age, species, month of the year, parity, gestation (month), and recent parturition. The animals were divided into eight groups and analysis of variance was performed to study risk factors associated with each condition.

Results: The forestomach disorders are widely prevalent in cattle and buffaloes between April and October, during summer and rainy season (90%) and constituted a significant proportion of diseased cows and buffaloes (138/1840) at the hospital. Different forestomach disorders and their prevalence was: Diaphragmatic hernia (DH) 17%, traumatic reticuloperitonitis (TRP) 14%, idiopathic motility disorder or vagus indigestion (VI) 22%, adhesive peritonitis (AP) 13%, frank exudative peritonitis (FEP) 12%, reticular abscess (RA) 8%, ruminal and omasal impaction (RI) 5%, and abomaso duodenal ulceration (ADU) 9%. DH and RA were significantly more common in buffaloes as compared to cattle. Similarly, impactions were more in buffaloes but its incidence was very low (5%). ADU was present in buffalo as commonly as in cows. Exclusive feeding of wheat straw was present in an abysmally low number of animals and hence could not be considered the cause of these disorders. DH was significantly higher in buffaloes (>5 years) of 5-8 years of age and TRP, VI and AP were observed in cattle and buffalo of 2-8 years of age during the second half of gestation to 1 month post-calving. FEP (12%) occurred more commonly within 1 month of parturition.

Conclusions: DH, TRP, frank and AP and ADU are causes of the widely prevalent forestomach (reticuloruminal, omasal and abomasal) disorders in cattle and buffaloes.

Keywords: abomaso duodenal ulcerations, diaphragmatic hernia, forestomach, incidence, reticulum, rumen, traumatic reticuloperitonitis.

1. Rosenberger, G., Dirksen, G., Grunder, H.D., Grunert, E., Krause, D. and Atober, H. (1979) Clinical Examination of Cattle. 2nd ed. Verleg Paul, Parey, Berlin, Hamburg. p202.
2. Rebhun, W.C., Fubini, S.L. and Timothy, T.K. (1988) Vagus indigestion in cattle: clinical feature, causes, treatment and long term follow up of 118 cases. Compend. Contin. Edu. Pract. Vet., 10: 387-391.
3. Chanie, M. and Tesfaye, D. (2012) Clinico-pathological findings of metallic and non-metallic foreign bodies in dairy cattle: A review. Acad. J. Anim. Dis., 1: 13-20.
4. Ghanem, M.M. (2010) A comparative study on traumatic reticuloperitonitis and traumatic pericarditis in Egyptian cattle. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 34: 143-153.
5. Watts, A.S. and Tulley, W.J. (2013) Case report: Sequele of traumatic reticuloperitonitis in a Friesian dairy cow. N. Z. Vet. J., 61: 111-114.
6. Cramers, T., Mikkelsen, K.B., Andersen, P., Enevoldsen, C. and Jensen, H.E. (2005) New types of foreign bodies and the effect of magents in traumatic reticulitis in cows. Vet. Rec., 157: 287-289.
7. Grohn, Y.T. and Bruss, M.L. (1990) Effect of disease, production and season on traumatic reticuloperitonitis and ruminal acidosis in cattle. J. Dairy Sci., 73: 2355-2363.
8. Krishnamurthy, D., Nigam, J.M., Deshpande, K.S., Peshin, P.K., Singh, S.C. and Sharma, D.N. (1983) Bovine diaphragmatic hernia: An analysis of 140 clinical cases. Indian Vet. J., 60: 1011-1016.
9. Nigam, J.M., Singh, A.P. and Mirakhur, K.K. (1988) Radiographic diagnosis of bovine thoracic disorders. Mod. Vet. Pract., 61: 1021-1025.
10. Al-Abadi, O.S., Abu-Seida, A.M. and Al-Hussainy, S.M. (2014) Studies on rumen magnet usage to prevent hardware disease in buffaloes. Vet. World, 6: 408-411.
11. Aref, N.M. and Abdel-Hakiem, M.A.H. (2013) Clinical and diagnostic methods for evaluation of sharp foreign body syndrome in buffaloes. Vet. World, 6: 586-591.
12. Singh, M. (2002) Evaluation of Surgically Treated Gastrointestinal Disorders in Bovines. M.V. Sc. Thesis, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.
13. Fubini, S.L., Normand, G., Ducharme, G.N., Hollis, N., Erb, N.H., Donald, F.S., Williams, C. and Rebhun, W.C. (1989) Failure of omasal transport attributable to perireticular abscess formation in cattle, 29 cases (1980-1986). J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc., 194: 811-814.
14. Hund, A., Dzieciol, M., Schmitz-Esser, S. and Wittek, T. (2015) Characterization of mucosa-associated bacterial communities in abomasal ulcers by pyrosequencing. Vet. Microbiol., 177: 132-141.