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Research (Published online: 14-04-2016)

7. Vertebral scale system to measure heart size in thoracic radiographs of Indian Spitz, Labrador retriever and Mongrel dogs - Deepti Bodh, Mozammel Hoque, Abhishek Chandra Saxena, Mudasir Bashir Gugjoo, Deepika Bist and J. K. Chaudhary

Veterinary World, 9(4): 371-376

 

 

   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2016.371-376

 

 

Deepti Bodh: Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India; deeptibodh@yahoo.in

Mozammel Hoque: Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India; mhoq61@yahoo.com

Abhishek Chandra Saxena: Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India; acs28213@rediffmail.com

Mudasir Bashir Gugjoo: Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India; mbgugjoo@gmail.com

Deepika Bist: Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India; bistdeepika25@gmail.com

J. K. Chaudhary: Division of Livestock Economics, Statistics and Information Technology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India; vetjitu@gmail.com

 

Received: 07-11-2015, Accepted: 09-03-2016, Published online: 14-04-2016

 

Corresponding author: Deepti Bodh, e-mail: deeptibodh@yahoo.in


Citation: Bodh D, Hoque M, Saxena AC, Gugjoo MB, Bist D, Chaudhary JK (2016) Vertebral scale system to measure heart size in thoracic radiographs of Indian Spitz, Labrador retriever and Mongrel dogs, Veterinary World, 9(4): 371-376.



Aim: To establish reference values of vertebral heart score (VHS) in Indian Spitz, Labrador retriever, and Mongrel dogs; to assess applicability of VHS in these three dog breeds; to determine if breed, recumbency side, gender, body weight, and thoracic depth (TD) to thoracic width (TW) ratio has an influence on the VHS measurement in these dog breeds.

Materials and Methods: A total of 60, client owned, clinically healthy Indian Spitz (n=20, mean age = 4.252.15 years, body weight = 11.872.7 kg), Labrador retriever (n=20, mean age = 4.751.91 years, body weight = 27.315.43 kg), and Mongrel dogs (n=20, mean age = 4.251.52 years, body weight = 16.253.99 kg), having no radiological and clinical signs of cardiovascular or pulmonary disease were included in the study. All dogs were restrained manually and left lateral (LL) and right lateral (RL) radiographic views were obtained. The size of heart in lateral radiographs was calculated using VHS method. Besides, the TD, TW and TD: TW were calculated to determine the type of thoracic conformation in the dog breeds. In addition to this, the effect of breed, side of recumbency, gender, body weight, and TD to TW ratio on the calculation of VHS was determined.

Results: VHS was calculated in all the animals of the breeds. VHS in Spitz and Labrador retriever was significantly (p<0.0001, p<0.0001, respectively) >9.70.5 v. RL and LL VHS in Mongrel dog was significantly (p<0.037) >9.70.5 v. Significant (p<0.05) differences in the VHS were observed among Spitz, Labrador retriever and Mongrel dogs, being higher for Labrador retriever followed by Spitz and Mongrel dogs. VHS in RL recumbency was significantly (p<0.001) greater than VHS in LL recumbency in all three breeds. LL and RL VHS correlated significantly with each other in Spitz (r=0.58; p=0.02), Labrador retriever (r=0.87; p<0.0001), and Mongrel dogs (r=0.93; p<0.0001). Significant (p<0.05) differences in the TD and TW were observed among Spitz, Labrador retriever, and Mongrel dogs. Non-significant effect of gender, body weight, and TD to TW ratio on the VHS measurement was observed in each dog breed.

Conclusion: Breed-specific VHS reference ranges should be used for the objective measurement of heart size in dogs. Furthermore, the radiographic view should also be taken into consideration to avoid any erroneous interpretation of cardiac enlargement in dogs.

Keywords: dogs, radiography, recumbency, thorax, vertebral heart scale.



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