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Review (Published online: 09-12-2016)

10. Recent advances in role of chromium and its antioxidant combinations in poultry nutrition: A review - Z. Haq, R. K. Jain, N. Khan, M. Y. Dar, S. Ali, M. Gupta and T. K. Varun

Veterinary World, 9(12): 1392-1399

 

 

   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2016.1392-1399

 

Z. Haq: Division of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Jammu - 181 102, Jammu and Kashmir, India; zulfy11@gmail.com

R. K. Jain: Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Mhow - 453446, Madhya Pradesh, India; drrkjainvet@gmail.com

N. Khan: Division of Instructional Livestock Farm Complex, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Jammu - 181 102, Jammu and Kashmir, India; drnazamkhan@yahoo.com

M. Y. Dar: Division of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Jammu - 181 102, Jammu and Kashmir, India; yousufdar8@gmail.com

S. Ali: Division of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Jammu - 181 102, Jammu and Kashmir, India; shamim.drlal@gmail.com

M. Gupta: Division of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Jammu - 181 102, Jammu and Kashmir, India; mokshtagupta1407@gmail.com

T. K. Varun: Division of Animal Nutrition, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India; dr.tkvarun@gmail.com

 

Received: 30-04-2016, Accepted: 12-09-2016, Published online: 09-12-2016

 

Corresponding author: Z. Haq, e-mail: zulfy11@gmail.com


Citation: Haq Z, Jain RK, Khan N, Dar MY, Ali S, Gupta M, Varun TK (2016) Recent advances in role of chromium and its antioxidant combinations in poultry nutrition: A review, Veterinary World, 9(12): 1392-1399.



Poultry is reared in open side houses in most of the tropical countries, which results in huge temperature variation in shed causing stress resulting in increased demand of antioxidant supplementation. Since cooling of poultry houses or environment control is very expensive, thus methods focused on nutritional modifications appears to be the much logical approach. Stress increases mineral and vitamin mobilization from tissues and their excretion. Effect of some minerals and vitamin supplements such as chromium (Cr) and ascorbic acid to elevate the negative effects of environmental stress is well documented. Cr functions as an antioxidant and its deficiency are said to disrupt carbohydrate and protein metabolism. Cr has been utilized for weight gain, to improve feed conversion ratio, increase relative organ weight, muscle development, decrease cholesterol, increase high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and improve nutrient digestion. Therefore, the present review discusses the beneficial aspects of Cr with its effect in different doses and antioxidant combinations to explore and promote its optimum utilization in poultry nutrition and production.

Keywords: antioxidants, chromium, poultry, stress.



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