Veterinary World

     Open access and peer reviewed journal  

ISSN (Online): 2231-0916


Home l Editorial board l Instructions for authors l Reviewer guideline l Open access policy l Archives l FAQ

Open Access

Research (Published online: 11-12-2016)

11. Effect of feeding Acacia nilotica pod meal on hematobiochemical profile and fecal egg count in goats - Jitendra Kumar Paswan, Kaushalendra Kumar, Sanjay Kumar, Chandramoni, Abhishek Kumar, Deepak Kumar and Ajit Kumar

Veterinary World, 9(12): 1400-1406



   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2016.1400-1406


Jitendra Kumar Paswan: Department of Animal Nutrition, Bihar Veterinary College, Bihar Agricultural University, Patna, Bihar, India;

Kaushalendra Kumar: Department of Animal Nutrition, Bihar Veterinary College, Bihar Agricultural University, Patna, Bihar, India;

Sanjay Kumar: Department of Animal Nutrition, Bihar Veterinary College, Bihar Agricultural University, Patna, Bihar, India;

Chandramoni: Department of Animal Nutrition, Bihar Veterinary College, Bihar Agricultural University, Patna, Bihar, India;

Abhishek Kumar: Department of Animal Nutrition, Bihar Veterinary College, Bihar Agricultural University, Patna, Bihar, India;

Deepak Kumar: Department of Veterinary Pathology, Bihar Veterinary College, Bihar Agricultural University, Patna, Bihar, India;

Ajit Kumar: Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Bihar Veterinary College, Bihar Agricultural University, Patna, Bihar, India;


Received: 27-07-2016, Accepted: 07-11-2016, Published online: 11-12-2016


Corresponding author: Kaushalendra Kumar, e-mail:

Citation: Paswan JK, Kumar K, Kumar S, Chandramoni, Kumar A, Kumar D, Kumar A (2016) Effect of feeding Acacia nilotica pod meal on hematobiochemical profile and fecal egg count in goats, Veterinary World, 9(12): 1400-1406.

Aim: This study was conducted to observe the effect of feeding Acacia nilotica pod meal on hematobiochemical profile and gastrointestinal parasitic load in growing goats.

Materials and Methods: To experiment was conducted for a period of 3-month on 24 male goats (3 month old, average body weight [BW] 6.501.50 kg), distributed into four groups of six animals each. The experimental animals were fed graded level of A. nilotica pod meal (0%, 10%, 20% and 30%) mixed in concentrate mixture equivalent to tannin concentration of 0%, 1.91%, 3.82% and 5.73% in the total mixed ration I, II, III and IV, respectively, but ad libitum measured quantity of green sorghum fodder (Sorghum bicolor) feeding. The blood samples were collected from experimental goats during the feeding experiment for the examination of different hematological indices and serum biochemical profile to know the overall health status of animals and standard method was followed to analyze the samples. Fecal sample was collected directly from the anus of goats by inserting middle finger and kept the samples in labeled polythene bag. Further fresh sample was processed and examined by McMaster Technique for eggs per gram and oocysts per gram. It gives accurate information regarding severity of infection.

Results: The feeding of babul pod meal did not address significant changes about the hematological parameters among various treatment groups. The lymphocyte count was significantly higher (p=0.07) in T3 group as compared to control and increase with increase in level of babul pod meal in the diet. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level was 4.86 and 6.59% lower in T1 and T2 group as compared to control and inversely proportional with level of supplement in ration. The decrease in BUN reflected good dietary protein metabolism happened in animals supplemented with babul pod meal. Serum creatinine level was significantly lower (p<0.01) in T2 group as compared to control. The creatinine level was 20.17% lower in T2 group as compared to control. Haemonchus and Coccidian egg count was significantly reduced (p<0.01) in T2 and T3 group followed with T1 as compared to control group.

Conclusion: The metabolic status of the animal was not affected with the supplementation of babul pod meal, however, lower serum creatinine level and remarkable reduction in nematode, as well as protozoan egg count in the treatment group, showed good health impact of babul pod.

Keywords: Acacia nilotica, goats, hematology, Haemonchus, serum.

1. Mueller, H. (2006) Unraveling the conundrum of tannins in animal nutrition and health. J. Sci. Food Agric., 86: 2010-2037.
2. Kumar, K., Chaudhary, L.C. and Kumar, S. (2014) Exploitation of tannins to modulate rumen ecosystem and ruminants performance: A review. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 84(6): 609-618.
3. Min, B.R., Barry, T.N., Attwood, G.T. and McNabb, W.C. (2003) Effect of condensed tannins on the nutrition and health of ruminants fed fresh temperate forages: A review. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 106: 3-19.
4. Gxasheka, M., Tyasi, T.L., Qin, N. and Lyu, Z.C. (2015) An overview of tannins rich plants as alternative supplementation on ruminant animals: A review. Int. J. Agric. Res. Rev., 3(6): 343-349.
5. Barman, K. and Rai, S.N. (2006) Effect of tanniniferous feed on nutrient digestibility, gas production and tannin degradation products in cattle in vitro. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 76(10): 829-837.
6. Olafadehan, O.A. (2011) Change in haematological and biochemical diagnostic parameters of Red Sokoto goats fed tannin-rich Pterocarpus erinaceus forage diets. Vet. Arh., 81: 471-483.
7. Pathak, A.K. (2011) Nutritional status and performance of ruminants as influenced by gastrointestinal nematodes: An overview. North East Vet., XII(3): 20-26.
8. Pathak, A.K. (2013) Potential of using condensed tannins to control gastrointestinal nematodes and improve small ruminant performance. Int. J. Mol. Vet. Res., 3(8): 36-50.
9. Wright, C., Perkins, D., Dawod, A., Min, B.R., Terrill, T.H., Miller, J.E., Vines, T. and Gurung, N. (2016) The effects of phytochemical tannin containing diets on meat goat performance and drug resistant Haemonchus contortus control. Int. J. Vet. Health Sci. Res., 4(3): 104-109.
10. NRC. (2007) Nutrient Requirement of Small Ruminants. The National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
11. AOAC. (2000) Official Methods of Analysis. 16th ed. Association of Official Analysis Chemists, Washington, DC, USA.
12. Van Soest, P.J., Robertson, J.D. and Lewis, B.A. (1991) Methods for dietary fibre, neutral detergent fibre and non starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci., 74: 3583-3597.
13. FAO/IAEA. (2002) International atomic energy agency-technical documents. Quantification of Tannins in Tree Foliage. IAEA, Vienna, Austria.
14. Drabkin, D.L. (1932) Hemoglobin Drabkin colorimetric method. J. Biol. Chem., 98: 719-733.
15. Campbell, T.W. (1995) Avian Hematology and Cytology. 2nd ed. The Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA.
16. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1994) Statistical Methods. 9th ed. The Iowa, State University Press, Ames, Iowa.
17. SPSS. (2011) Statistics Version 20.0. IBM SPSS Inc., USA.
18. Duncan, D.B. (1955) Multiple range and F-test. Biometrics, 11: 1-42.
19. Dey, A., Dutta, N., Sharma, K. and Pattanaik, A.K. (2008) Effect of dietary inclusion of Ficus infectoria leaves as a protectant of proteins on the performance of lambs. Small Rumin. Res., 75: 105-114.
20. Pathak, A.K. (2010) Influence of Tanniferous Tree Leaves on Gastrointestinal Parasites, Methane Emission and Performance of Lambs. Ph.D. Thesis, Submitted to IVRI, Izatnagar, India.
21. Singh, S., Pathak, A.K., Sharma, R.K. and Khan, M. (2015) Effect of tanniferous leaf meal based multi-nutrient blocks on feed intake, hematological profile, immune response, and body weight changes in Haemonchus contortus infected goats. Vet. World, 8(5): 572-579.
PMid:27047137 PMCid:PMC4774715
22. Olafadehan, O.A., Adewumi, M.K. and Okunade, S.A. (2014) Effects of feeding tannin containing forage in varying proportion with concentrate on the voluntary intake, haematological and biochemical indices of goats. Trakia J. Sci., 1: 73-81.
23. Uguru, C., Lakpini, C.A.M., Akpa, G.N. and Bawa, G.S. (2014) Nutritional potential of Acacia nilotica pods for growing Red Sokoto goats. IOSR J. Agric. Vet. Sci., 7(6): 43-49.
24. Mousa, M.R.M. and Shetaewi, M.M. (2002) Milk yield and growth rate as influenced by feeding olive pulp and Acacia shrubs for Awassi sheep under semi arid conditions. Ann. Agric. Sci., 40: 843-856.
25. Beauchemin, K.A., McGinn, S.M., Martinez, T.F. and McAllister, T.A. (2007) Use of condensed tannin extract from quebracho trees to reduce methane emissions from cattle. J. Anim. Sci., 85: 1990-1996.
26. Kushwaha, R. and Rai, S.N. (2011) Effect of feeding Acacia nilotica pods on feed intake, nutrient utilization and balances of N, Ca, and P in lactating goats. Indian J. Anim. Nutr., 28(3): 309-315.
27. Kahiya, C., Mukaratirwa, S. and Thamsborg, S.M. (2003) Effects of Acacia nilotica and Acacia karoo diets on Haemonchus contortus infections in goats. Vet. Parasitol., 115: 265-274.
28. Niezen, J.H., Waghorn, T.S., Charleston, W.A. and Waghorn, G.C. (1995) Growth and gastointestinal nematode parasitism in lambs grazing either lucerne (Medicago sativa) or Sulla (Hedysarum coronarium) which contains condensed tannins. J. Agric. Sci., 125: 281-289.
29. Nguyena, T.M., Binh, D.V. and Orskov, E.R. (2005) Effect of foliages containing condensed tannins and on gastrointestinal parasites. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 121: 77-87.
30. Max, R.A. (2010) Effect of repeated wattle tannin drenches on worm burdens, faecal egg counts and egg hatchability during naturally acquired nematode infections in sheep and goats. Vet. Parasitol., 169: 138-143.
31. Suzana, G.L., Lilyan, B.G.B., Helder, L., Adibe, L.A. and Livio, M.C.J. (2016) Effect of tanniniferous food from Bauhinia pulchella on pasture contamination with gastrointestinal nematodes from goats. Parasit. Vectors, 9: 102.
PMid:26911140 PMCid:PMC4765232
32. Molan, A.L., Liu, Z. and De, S. (2009) Effect of pine bark (Pinus radiata) extracts on sporulation of coccidian oocysts. Folia Parasitol., 56: 1-5.
33. Muthamilselvan, T., Kuo, T.F., Wu, Y.C. and Yang, W.C. (2016) Herbal remedies for coccidiosis control: A review of plants, compounds, and anticoccidial actions. Evid. Based Complement. Alternat. Med., 2016: 2657981.
PMid:27429634 PMCid:PMC4939967