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Research (Published online: 08-02-2016)

4. Genetic analysis of growth traits in Harnali sheep - Lalit, Z. S. Malik, D. S. Dalal, S. P. Dahiya, C. S. Patil and Ravinder Dahiya

Veterinary World, 9(2): 128-132

 

 

   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2016.128-132

 

 

Lalit: Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana, India; drlalit78@gmail.com

Z. S. Malik: Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana, India; malikzile@yahoo.in

D. S. Dalal: Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana, India; drdsdalal@rediffmail.com

S. P. Dahiya: Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana, India; dahiyadahiya642000@yahoo.com

C. S. Patil: Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana, India; dr.cspatil03@gmail.com

Ravinder Dahiya: Department of Animal Nutrition, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana, India; armaandahiya42@yahoo.com

 

Received: 02-07-2015, Revised: 15-12-2015, Accepted: 21-12-2015, Published online: 08-02-2016

 

Corresponding author: Lalit, e-mail: drlalit78@gmail.com


Citation: Lalit, Malik ZS, Dalal DS, Dahiya SP, Patil CS, Dahiya R (2016) Genetic analysis of growth traits in Harnali sheep, Veterinary World 9(2): 128-132.



Aim: The present investigation was to study genetic characteristics of Harnali sheep with respect to growth performance and to estimate genetic parameters.

Materials and Methods: The 22 years (1992-2013) data of growth traits of a 1603 synthetic population of Harnali sheep maintained at Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, was utilized for this study. A mixed methodology with regression on their dam’s weight was used to study the effect of non-genetic factors on growth traits. Heritability, genetic and phenotypic correlations were estimated using paternal half-sib analysis for body weight at various ages and average daily gain (ADG) for different growth periods.

Result: The overall least squares mean of body weights recorded for birth weight (BW), weaning weight (WW), six months body weight (SMW), one yearling body weight (YBW), average daily gain from birth to 3 months (ADG1) and average daily gain from 3 to 12 months (ADG2) were 3.350.05 kg, 12.410.08 kg, 16.300.12 kg, 21.880.08 kg, 100.660.86 g/day and 35.070.39 g/day, respectively. The effects of year of birth significantly (p<0.01) influenced the BW, WW, SMW, YWB, ADG1 and ADG2. The effects of sex of lamb significantly (p<0.01) influenced the BW, WW SMW, YWB, ADG1 and ADG2. The effects of dam’s weight at lambing significantly (p<0.01) influenced BW, WW, SMW, YWB, ADG1 and ADG2. No definite trend was observed over the years for the averages of body weight and gain. The heritability estimates of BW, WW, SMW, YBW, ADG1 and ADG2 were 0.400.05, 0.380.05, 0.450.06, 0.290.05, 0.400.06 and 0.330.02, respectively. The male lambs were significantly heavier than females at all stages of growth. The heritability estimates were moderate for all the growth traits and high genetic correlations of BW and WW with SMW were found.

Conclusion: Due to high heritability and positive correlations of SMW with other body weights and daily gain, it was concluded that selection on the basis of SMW would be the best approach to improve growth performance in Harnali sheep.

Keywords: correlations, growth traits, Harnali sheep, heritability.



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