Veterinary World

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Research (Published online: 12-01-2016)

6. Effect of different culture systems on the production of foot and mouth disease trivalent vaccine - Amr Ismail Hassan

Veterinary World, 9(1): 32-37



   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2016.32-37


Amr Ismail Hassan: Department of Foot and Mouth Disease, Veterinary Serum and Vaccine Research Institute, Abbasia, Cairo, Egypt;

Received: 01.09.2015, Revised: 23.11.2015, Accepted: 04.12.2015, Published online: 12-01-2016


Citation: Hassan AI (2016) Effect of different culture systems on the production of foot and mouth disease trivalent vaccine, Veterinary World, 9(1): 32-37.

Aim: This study aims to determine the effect of the stationary rawx, roller, and the suspension cell culture systems on the total virus yield infectivity and antigenicity.

Materials and Methods: Three serotypes of foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) (serotype A, O and SAT-2) were inoculated separately into baby hamster kidney-21 cell line in rawx, roller, and suspension cultivation systems using multiplicity of infection (1:100). Samples were taken from the total virus yield from each system at 15, 18, 21, and 24 h post-inoculation. Testing the total virus yield infectivity through virus titration and antigenicity through estimation of complement fixing titer and 146S content and evaluation of the potency of the vaccine prepared from the different cultivation systems were done.

Results: The results showed that the FMDV titer of serotype A, O, and SAT-2 obtained from the roller cultivation system showed the highest level followed by suspension cultivation system then the rawx cultivation system. The FMDV titer showed its highest level at 21 h post-inoculation in all the cultivation systems and then decline at 24 h post-inoculation. The antigenicity reached its highest value content at 18 h post-inoculation either by complement fixation test or by quantifying the 146S intact virion. Montanide ISA 206 oil inactivated trivalent vaccines were prepared from the tested serotypes (A Iran O5. O Panasia and SAT-2/EGY/2012) harvested at 18 h post-inoculation from the 3 culture systems. The results of tracing the antibody response showed that the mean antibody response from the roller cultivation system start its protective antibody titer earlier at 2 weeks post-vaccination (WPV) than the vaccine prepared from the other two cultivation system and the immune protection period lasts longer for 36 WPV for the roller cultivation system vaccine than the other two cultivation systems.

Conclusion: The best cultivation system used for the production of FMD vaccine regarding its highest infectivity and antigenicity is the roller system.

Keywords: baby hamster kidney-21 cell culture, foot and mouth disease virus, monolayer tissue culture cells, suspension tissue culture cells.

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