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Research (Published online: 06-06-2016)

5. The types of endocrine cells in the pancreas of Sunda porcupine (Hystrix javanica) - Teguh Budipitojo, Yuda Heru Fibrianto and Guntari Titik Mulyani

Veterinary World, 9(6): 563-567



   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2016.563-567



Teguh Budipitojo: Department of Anatomy, Veterinary Medicine Faculty, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia;

Yuda Heru Fibrianto: Department of Physiology, Veterinary Medicine Faculty, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia;

Guntari Titik Mulyani: Department of Internal Medicine, Veterinary Medicine Faculty, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia;


Received: 29-02-2016, Accepted: 27-04-2016, Published online: 06-06-2016


Corresponding author: Teguh Budipitojo, e-mail:

Citation: Budipitojo T, Fibrianto YH, Mulyani GT (2016) The types of endocrine cells in the pancreas of Sunda porcupine (Hystrix javanica), Veterinary World, 9(6): 563-567.

Aim: To identify the types of endocrine cells in the pancreas of the Sunda porcupine (Hystrix javanica) and its immunolocalization.

Materials and Methods: Five adult H. javanica were used without sexual distinction. The presences of endocrine cells (glucagon, insulin, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide [PP]) in pancreatic tissues were detected using the avidinbiotin-peroxidase complex method.

Results: The fusiform, round, and oval form endocrine cells were detected in the islets of Langerhans and exocrine parts. Most of the insulin cells were found in the central area, glucagon cells were identified in the central and peripheral areas, and somatostatin and PP cells were detected in the mantle area of the islets of Langerhans. Glucagon and somatostatin cells were also detected in smaller numbers of peripheral parts of the islet. In all of the islet parts, glucagon endocrine cells were most prevalent cell type and then, somatostatin, insulin, and PP. In the exocrine parts, PP, somatostatin, glucagon, and insulin endocrine cells were found in the inter-acinus part with moderate, moderate, a few and rare numbers, in that order. In the pancreatic duct, glucagon and somatostatin cells were found between epithelial cells in rare numbers.

Conclusion: The pancreas of Sunda porcupine (H. javanica) contains four types of major pancreatic endocrine cells with approximately similar distribution patterns to the other rodents, except for abundant glucagon cells in the peripheral area of the islets of Langerhans.

Keywords: endocrine cell types, Hystrix javanica, immunohistochemistry, pancreas, Sunda porcupine.

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