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Research (Published online: 19-03-2016)

12. Estimates of genetic parameters for fat yield in Murrah buffaloes - Manoj Kumar, Vikas Vohra, Poonam Ratwan, Jamuna Valsalan, C. S. Patil and A. K. Chakravarty

Veterinary World, 9(3): 295-298

 

 

   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2016.295-298

 

 

Manoj Kumar: Division of Dairy Cattle Breeding, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal - 132 001, Haryana, India; drmanojneemwal@gmail.com

Vikas Vohra: Department of Animal Genetic Resources, ICAR-National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal - 132 001, Haryana, India; vohravikas@gmail.com

Poonam Ratwan: Division of Dairy Cattle Breeding, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal - 132 001, Haryana, India; punam.ratwan@gmail.com

Jamuna Valsalan: Division of Dairy Cattle Breeding, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal - 132 001, Haryana, India; jamunavalsalan@gmail.com

C. S. Patil: Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana, India; dr.cspatil03@gmail.com

A. K. Chakravarty: Division of Dairy Cattle Breeding, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal - 132 001, Haryana, India; ak_chakravarty@yahoo.co.in

 

Received: 26-08-2015, Revised: 22-01-2016, Accepted: 03-02-2016, Published online: 19-03-2016

 

Corresponding author: Vikas Vohra, e-mail: vohravikas@gmail.com


Citation: Kumar M, Vohra V, Ratwan P, Valsalan J, Patil CS, Chakravarty AK (2016) Estimates of genetic parameters for fat yield in Murrah buffaloes, Veterinary World, 9(3): 295-298.



Aim: The present study was performed to investigate the effect of genetic and non-genetic factors affecting milk fat yield and to estimate genetic parameters of monthly test day fat yields (MTDFY) and lactation 305-day fat yield (L305FY) in Murrah buffaloes.

Materials and Methods: The data on total of 10381 MTDFY records comprising the first four lactations of 470 Murrah buffaloes calved from 1993 to 2014 were assessed. These buffaloes were sired by 75 bulls maintained in an organized farm at ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal. Least squares maximum likelihood program was used to estimate genetic and non-genetic parameters. Heritability estimates were obtained using paternal half-sib correlation method. Genetic and phenotypic correlations among MTDFY, and 305-day fat yield were calculated from the analysis of variance and covariance matrix among sire groups.

Results: The overall least squares mean of L305FY was found to be 175.744.12 kg. The least squares mean of overall MTDFY ranged from 3.330.14 kg (TD-11) to 7.060.17 kg (TD-3). The h2 estimate of L305FY was found to be 0.330.16 in this study. The estimates of phenotypic and genetic correlations between 305-day fat yield and different MTDFY ranged from 0.32 to 0.48 and 0.51 to 0.99, respectively.

Conclusions: In this study, all the genetic and non-genetic factors except age at the first calving group, significantly affected the traits under study. The estimates of phenotypic and genetic correlations of MTDFY with 305-day fat yield was generally higher in the MTDFY-5 of lactation suggesting that this TD yields could be used as the selection criteria for early evaluation and selection of Murrah buffaloes.

Keywords: genetic factors, Murrah buffalo, non-genetic factors, test-day fat yields.



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