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Research (Published online: 16-11-2016)

15. Study of antimicrobial resistance due to extended spectrum betalactamase-producing Escherichia coli in healthy broilers of Jabalpur - Arpita Shrivastav, R. K. Sharma, Y. P. Sahni, Neeraj Shrivastav, Vidhi Gautam and Sachin Jain

Veterinary World, 9(11): 1259-1263

 

 

   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2016.1259-1263

 

 

Arpita Shrivastav: Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India; arpitavet@gmail.com

R. K. Sharma: Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India; drrksvet2012@gmail.com

Y. P. Sahni: Director Research Services, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India; yashpal_sahni@yahoo.co.in

Neeraj Shrivastav: Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India; neerajvet32@gmail.com

Vidhi Gautam: Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India; vidhi_modi20@yahoo.com

Sachin Jain: Department of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India; drsachinjain.vet@gmail.com

 

Received: 22-06-2016, Accepted: 07-10-2016, Published online: 16-11-2016

 

Corresponding author: Arpita Shrivastav, e-mail: arpitavet@gmail.com


Citation: Shrivastav A, Sharma RK, Sahni YP, Shrivastav N, Gautam V, Jain S (2016) Study of antimicrobial resistance due to extended spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in healthy broilers of Jabalpur, Veterinary World, 9(11): 1259-1263.



Aim: To study the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance due to extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli in samples collected from the ceca of healthy broilers of poultry sale outlets (PSOs) Jabalpur.

Materials and Methods: A total of 400 cecal swab samples were taken randomly from freshly slaughtered poultry of 39 PSOs located at four different zones or areas of Jabalpur and were screened for the presence of ESBL-producing E. coli using standard methods. Further they were characterized phenotypically by standard methods.

Results: All the 400 samples were screened for E. coli producing ESBL enzyme. Among the samples positive for E. coli 135 were positive for ESBL E. coli giving an overall prevalence of 33.5%.

Conclusion: This study related to the prevalence of ESBL-producing E. coli in healthy broilers in Jabalpur is indicative of antibiotic resistance prevalent in the healthy birds which are used for human consumption as well. It also signifies resistance prevalent against beta-lactam antibiotics including third and fourth generations of cephalosporins.

Keywords: cecal swab, Escherichia coli, extended spectrum beta-lactamase, healthy broilers, Jabalpur.



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