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Research (Published online: 21-10-2016)

13. Effect of Tamarindus indica leaf powder on plasma concentrations of copper, zinc, and iron in fluorotic cows - Pinaki Samal, R. C. Patra, A. R. Gupta, S. K. Mishra, D. Jena and D. Satapathy

Veterinary World, 9(10): 1121-1124

 

 

   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2016.1121-1124

 

 

Pinaki Samal: Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Ethics and Jurisprudence, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha, India; masterpinaki@gmail.com

R. C. Patra: Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Ethics and Jurisprudence, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha, India; rcpatra@gmail.com

A. R. Gupta: Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Ethics and Jurisprudence, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha, India; dramitrajgupta@gmail.com

S. K. Mishra: Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha, India; sumantkmishra@gmail.com

D. Jena: Department of Animal Reproduction, Gynaecology and Obstetrics, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha, India; krishna5dj@gmail.com

D. Satapathy: Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha, India; debasish.232431@gmail.com

 

Received: 15-04-2016, Accepted: 02-09-2016, Published online: 21-10-2016

 

Corresponding author: Pinaki Samal, e-mail: masterpinaki@gmail.com


Citation: Samal P, Patra RC, Gupta AR, Mishra SK, Jena D, Satapathy D (2016) Effect of Tamarindus indica leaf powder on plasma concentrations of copper, zinc, and iron in fluorotic cows, Veterinary World, 9(10): 1121-1124.



Aim: The main objective of the study was to determine the deleterious effect of fluoride on plasma trace minerals of fluorotic cattle and to evaluate the effect of Tamarindus indica leaf powder toward correction of the same.

Materials and Methods: A total of 30 cattle exhibiting chronic sign of fluorosis and 10 healthy cattle from nonfluorotic area were incorporated in this study. Fluorotic cattle were divided into three equal groups consisting of 10 cattle each. Group I from fluoride free area served as healthy control. The Group II received no treatment and served as disease control. Groups III and IV were supplemented with tamarind leaf powder at 15 g and 30 g/day with feed for 60 days. Plasma mineral status was evaluated after 60 days of treatment with double beam atomic absorption spectrophotometer.

Results: Statistical analysis of data revealed a significant (p<0.05) decrease in mean plasma copper (Cu) (0.3440.007 ppm), zinc (Zn) (0.6920.06 ppm), and iron (Fe) concentration (1.1000.01 ppm) in fluorotic cattle in comparison to healthy cattle (0.580.010, 2.3420.04, 1.4060.04 ppm, respectively). Significant (p<0.05) increase in Cu, Zn, and Fe was recorded after supplementation of tamarind leaf powder to the fluorotic cattle.

Conclusion: It was concluded that fluorotic cattle might be supplemented with T. indica leaf powder with feed for the correction of the decreased level of certain plasma minerals.

Keywords: cattle, fluorosis, micro-minerals, tamarind leaf.



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