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Review (Published online: 15-10-2016)

7. Infrared thermography: A potential noninvasive tool to monitor udder health status in dairy cows - M. Sathiyabarathi, S. Jeyakumar, A. Manimaran, G. Jayaprakash, Heartwin A. Pushpadass, M. Sivaram, K. P. Ramesha, D. N. Das, Mukund A. Kataktalware, M. Arul Prakash and R. Dhinesh Kumar

Veterinary World, 9(10): 1075-1081

 

 

   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2016.1075-1081

 

 

M. Sathiyabarathi: Department of Livestock Production and Management, Livestock Research Centre, Southern Regional Station, ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute, Bengaluru - 560 030, Karnataka, India; drmsathiyabarathi@gmail.com

S. Jeyakumar: Department of Livestock Production and Management, Livestock Research Centre, Southern Regional Station, ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute, Bengaluru - 560 030, Karnataka, India; jeyakumarsakthivel@gmail.com

A. Manimaran: Department of Livestock Production and Management, Livestock Research Centre, Southern Regional Station, ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute, Bengaluru - 560 030, Karnataka, India; maranpharma@gmail.com

G. Jayaprakash: Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Mannuthy - 680 651, Kerala, India; drgjayaprakash@gmail.com

Heartwin A. Pushpadass: Dairy Engineering Section, Southern Regional Station, ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute, Bengaluru - 560 030, Karnataka, India; heartwin1@gmail.com

M. Sivaram: Dairy Economics and Statistics Section, Southern Regional Station, ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute, Bengaluru - 560 030, Karnataka, India; sivaram.ndri@gmail.com

K. P. Ramesha: Dairy Production Section, Southern Regional Station, ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute, Bengaluru - 560 030, Karnataka, India; kpragb@gmail.com

D. N. Das: Dairy Production Section, Southern Regional Station, ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute, Bengaluru - 560 030, Karnataka, India; dndasndri@gmail.com

Mukund A. Kataktalware: Dairy Production Section, Southern Regional Station, ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute, Bengaluru - 560 030, Karnataka, India; mtalware@gmail.com

M. Arul Prakash: Department of livestock Production and Management, University Research Farm, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai - 600 051, Tamil Nadu, India; drarullpm@gmail.com

R. Dhinesh Kumar: Dairy Production Section, Southern Regional Station, ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute, Bengaluru - 560 030, Karnataka, India; dhinesh.ramasamy@gmail.com

 

Received: 18-06-2016, Accepted: 29-08-2016, Published online: 15-10-2016

 

Corresponding author: S. Jeyakumar, e-mail: jeyakumarsakthivel@gmail.com


Citation: Sathiyabarathi M, Jeyakumar S, Manimaran A, Jayaprakash G, Pushpadass HA, Sivaram M, Ramesha KP, Das DN, Kataktalware MA, Prakash MA, Kumar RD (2016) Infrared thermography: A potential noninvasive tool to monitor udder health status in dairy cows, Veterinary World, 9(10): 1075-1081.



The animal husbandry and livestock sectors play a major role in the rural economy, especially for the small and marginal farmers. India has the largest livestock population in the world and ranks first in the milk production. Mastitis is the most common and expensive infectious disease in dairy cattle. The global economic losses per year due to mastitis amounts to USD 35 billion and for Indian dairy industry INR 6000 crores per year. Early detection of mastitis is very important to reduce the economic loss to the dairy farmers and dairy industry. Automated methods for early and reliable detection of mastitis are currently in focus under precision dairying. Skin surface temperature is an important indicator for the diagnosis of cow’s illnesses and for the estimation of their physiological status. Infrared thermography (IRT) is a simple, effective, on-site, and noninvasive method that detects surface heat, which is emitted as infrared radiation and generates pictorial images without causing radiation exposure. In human and bovine medicine, IRT is used as a diagnostic tool for assessment of normal and physiological status.

Keywords: cows, infrared thermography, mastitis diagnosis, udder health, udder surface temperature.



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