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Research (Published online: 07-09-2016)

4. A survey of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) farming in selected areas of Bangladesh - Abu Nasar Md. Aminoor Rahman, Md. Nazmul Hoque, Anup Kumar Talukder and Ziban Chandra Das

Veterinary World, 9(9): 940-947

 

 

   doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2016.940-947

 

 

Abu Nasar Md. Aminoor Rahman: Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics & Reproductive Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh; aminoor69@yahoo.com

Md. Nazmul Hoque: Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics & Reproductive Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh; nazmul.hoque90@gmail.com

Anup Kumar Talukder: Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics & Reproductive Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh; anupbau@gmail.com

Ziban Chandra Das: Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics & Reproductive Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh; zibanbau@yahoo.com

 

Received: 14-03-2016, Accepted: 30-07-2016, Published online: 07-09-2016

 

Corresponding author: Abu Nasar Md. Aminoor Rahman, e-mail: aminoor69@yahoo.com


Citation: Rahman ANMA, Hoque MN, Talukder AK, Das ZC (2016) A survey of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) farming in selected areas of Bangladesh, Veterinary World, 9(9): 940-947.



Aim: To investigate the status, problems and prospects of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) farming in selected areas of Bangladesh.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in 14 districts of Bangladesh, viz., Dhaka, Narayanganj, Munshiganj, Mymensingh, Netrakona, Faridpur, Jessore, Khulna, Satkhira, Kushtia, Bogra, Naogaon, Comilla, and Sylhet during the period from July 2011 to June 2012. A total of 52 quail farmers were interviewed for data collection using a structured questionnaire. Focus group discussions were also carried out with unsuccessful farmers and those want to start quail farming. Workers of quail farms, quail feeds and medicine suppliers, quail eggs and meat sellers were also interviewed regarding the issue.

Results: Out of 52 farms, 86.5% were operated by male, 67.3% farmers did not receive any training and 92.3% farmers had no earlier experience of quail farming although 58.0% farmers primary occupation was quail farming. Most of the farms (63.4%) were mixed in type having ≤5000 birds of two or three varieties. About 80.7% farms were operated separately round the year with no other poultry and 83.0% farmers wanted to expand their farming. The average pullet weight 145.00.12, 110.00.07, 120.00.22, and 128.00.17 g; age at the first lay 46.00.04, 42.00.31, 42.00.09, and 45.20.05 days; rearing period 15.00.01, 12.00.14, 15.00.32, and 15.20.18 months; culling period 15.50.14, 13.00.06, 15.00.03, and 15.40.26 months were for layer, parent stock, hatchery, and mixed farms, respectively. Most of the layer farms had an average egg production of ≤5000/day and net profit BDT 0.75/egg. However, an average number of birds, hatchability and net profit per day-old-chick were ≤5000, 76.8% and BDT 2.75, respectively, in the hatchery. Broiler quails were sold at 30 days with mean weight of 110.8 g and net profit BDT 9.02/bird. The major constraints of quail farming were higher feed price, outbreak of endemic diseases, lack of proper knowledge, farmers training, proper market access, difficulties of parent stock collection, inadequate biosecurity practices, and limited access to veterinary care. Thus, a proper training on quail farming, bio-security management, and government subsidy on feeds could make quail farming sustainable in Bangladesh.

Conclusions: The study concludes that Japanese quail farming has enormous potentiality and could be an alternative to chicken farming particularly in providing gainful employment, supplementary income and as a valuable source of meat and egg, quail farming should be encouraged and promoted in Bangladesh.

Keywords: Bangladesh, Japanese quail, problems, prospects, status.



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